New York State Law

Vehicle and Traffic Law

Consolidated Laws of New York's VTL code

  Search VTL Laws

Section 510 - NY Vehicle and Traffic Law

Section 510 | Article 20 | SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION

Section Description
510 Suspension, revocation and reissuance of licenses and registrations.
510-a Suspension and revocation of commercial driver's licenses.
510-a Downgrade of commercial driver's licenses.
510-b Suspension and revocation for violations committed during probationary periods.
510-c Suspension and revocation of learner's permits and driver's licenses for violations committed by holders of class DJ or class MJ learner's permits or licenses.
510-d Suspension and revocation of class E driver's licenses.
S 510. Suspension, revocation and reissuance of licenses and
  registrations. 1. Who may suspend or revoke. Any magistrate, justice  or
  judge, in a city, in a town, or in a village, any supreme court justice,
  any  county  judge, any judge of a district court, the superintendent of
  state police and the  commissioner  of  motor  vehicles  or  any  person
  deputized  by  him, shall have power to revoke or suspend the license to
  drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle of any person, or in the case of  an
  owner, the registration, as provided herein.
    A  learner's  permit, or a license which has expired but is renewable,
  shall be deemed a license within the meaning of this section.
    2. Mandatory revocations and suspensions.  a.  Mandatory  revocations.
  Such  licenses  shall  be  revoked  and  such  registrations may also be
  revoked where the holder is convicted:
    (i) of homicide or assault arising out of the  operation  of  a  motor
  vehicle or motorcycle or criminal negligence in the operation of a motor
  vehicle or motorcycle resulting in death, whether the conviction was had
  in this state or elsewhere;
    (ii)  pursuant  to  section  twenty-three hundred eighty-five of title
  eighteen of the United States code,  of  the  crime  of  advocating  the
  overthrow of government, whether the conviction was had in this state or
  elsewhere;
    (iii)  of  any  violation of subdivision two of section six hundred or
  section three hundred ninety-two or of a local law or  ordinance  making
  it unlawful to leave the scene of an accident without reporting;
    (iv)  of a third or subsequent violation, committed within a period of
  eighteen months, of any provision of section eleven  hundred  eighty  of
  this  chapter,  any  ordinance or regulation limiting the speed of motor
  vehicles and motorcycles or any provision constituted a  misdemeanor  by
  this  chapter,  not  included  in  subparagraphs  (i)  or  (iii) of this
  paragraph, except violations of subdivision one of section three hundred
  seventy-five of this chapter or  of  subdivision  one  of  section  four
  hundred  one of this chapter and similar violations under any local law,
  ordinance or regulation committed by an employed driver if  the  offense
  occurred while operating, in the course of his employment, a vehicle not
  owned  by  said  driver,  whether  such  three  or  more violations were
  repetitions of the same offense or were different offenses;
    (v) of a violation for the conviction of which  any  such  license  is
  subject  to  revocation  under  subdivision  two of section five hundred
  ten-b;
    (vi) of a  violation  of  any  provision  of  section  eleven  hundred
  eighty-two of this chapter;
    (vii) of a second violation of any provision of section eleven hundred
  eighty-two  committed  within  a  period  of  three  years of a previous
  violation of the aforesaid section shall result in a license  revocation
  of one year;
    (viii) of a third violation, committed within a period of three years,
  of any provision of subdivision a of section eleven hundred seventy-four
  of this chapter;
    (ix)  of  a  violation  of  section twelve hundred twenty-four of this
  chapter, other than a violation adjudicated by the environmental control
  board of a city having a population of one million or more  pursuant  to
  subdivision  seven  of  such  section, and fails to pay the fine imposed
  thereon pursuant to subdivision seven of such section;
    (x) of a traffic infraction for  a  subsequent  violation  of  article
  twenty-six  of  this chapter and the commission of such violation caused
  serious physical injury to another person and such subsequent  violation
  occurred within eighteen months of a prior violation of any provision of
  article  twenty-six  of  this chapter where the commission of such prior
  violation caused the serious physical injury or death of another person;
    (xi)  of  a  traffic  infraction for a subsequent violation of article
  twenty-six of this chapter and the commission of such  violation  caused
  the  death  of  another  person  and  such subsequent violation occurred
  within eighteen months of a prior violation of any provision of  article
  twenty-six  of this chapter where the commission of such prior violation
  caused the serious physical injury or death of another person;
    (xii) of a second or subsequent conviction of a violation  of  section
  twelve  hundred twenty-five-c or section twelve hundred twenty-five-d of
  this chapter committed where such person is the holder of a probationary
  license, as defined in subdivision four of section five hundred  one  of
  this  title,  at  the  time of the commission of such violation and such
  second or subsequent violation was committed within six months following
  the restoration or issuance of such probationary license; or
    (xiii) of a second or subsequent conviction of a violation of  section
  twelve  hundred twenty-five-c or section twelve hundred twenty-five-d of
  this chapter committed where such person is the holder of a class DJ  or
  MJ  learner's  permit  or  a  class  DJ or MJ license at the time of the
  commission of such violation and such second or subsequent violation was
  committed within six months following the restoration of such permit  or
  license.
    b.  Mandatory  suspensions. Such licenses shall be suspended, and such
  registrations may also be suspended:
    (i) for a period of sixty days where the  holder  is  convicted  of  a
  violation  for  the  conviction  of  which  such  license  is subject to
  suspension pursuant to subdivision one of section five hundred ten-b;
    (ii) when the holder forfeits bail given upon being charged  with  any
  of  the offenses mentioned in this subdivision, until the holder submits
  to the jurisdiction of the court in which he forfeited bail; and
    (iii) such registrations shall be suspended when necessary  to  comply
  with  subdivision  nine of section one hundred forty or subdivision four
  of section  one  hundred  forty-five  of  the  transportation  law.  The
  commissioner  shall have the authority to deny a registration or renewal
  application to any other person for the same  vehicle  and  may  deny  a
  registration   or  renewal  application  for  any  other  motor  vehicle
  registered in the name of the applicant where  it  has  been  determined
  that  such  registrant's  intent  has been to evade the purposes of this
  subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe
  that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating  the
  purposes of this subdivision.
    (iv) For a period of not less than thirty nor greater than one hundred
  eighty days where the holder is convicted of the crime of assault in the
  first,  second  or third degree as defined in article one hundred twenty
  of the penal law, where such offense was  committed  against  a  traffic
  enforcement  agent  employed  by  the  city  of  New York or the city of
  Buffalo while such agent was enforcing  or  attempting  to  enforce  the
  traffic regulations of such city.
    (v)  For  a  period of six months where the holder is convicted of, or
  receives  a  youthful  offender  or  other  juvenile   adjudication   in
  connection  with,  any  misdemeanor  or  felony  defined  in article two
  hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law, any violation
  of the federal controlled substances act,  any  crime  in  violation  of
  subdivision four of section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter or
  any  out-of-state or federal misdemeanor or felony drug-related offense;
  provided, however, that any time actually served in custody pursuant  to
  a  sentence  or  disposition  imposed  as a result of such conviction or
  youthful offender or  other  juvenile  adjudication  shall  be  credited
  against  the  period  of such suspension and, provided further, that the
  court shall determine that such suspension need  not  be  imposed  where
  there are compelling circumstances warranting an exception.
    (vi)  Pursuant  to subparagraph (v) of this paragraph, the magistrate,
  justice or judge shall order such suspension or render its findings that
  are compelling circumstances warranting an  exception  at  the  time  of
  sentencing.  At  that  time,  the  judge, justice or magistrate may also
  issue an order making said license suspension take  effect  twenty  days
  after  the  date  of sentencing and, if this is done, the license holder
  shall be given a copy  of  the  order  permitting  the  continuation  of
  driving privileges.
    (vii)  In  no  event shall the commissioner suspend a driver's license
  pursuant to subparagraph (v) of this paragraph absent a copy of an order
  by the magistrate, justice or judge as provided in subparagraph (vi)  of
  this paragraph.
    (viii)  for  a period of sixty days where the holder is convicted of a
  violation of section twelve hundred twenty-b of this  chapter  within  a
  period of eighteen months of a previous violation of such section.
    (ix)  For  a period of three months where the holder is sentenced to a
  license suspension pursuant to paragraph  (a)  of  subdivision  five  of
  section  sixty-five-b  of  the  alcoholic beverage control law, provided
  however,  that,  in  accordance  with  such  subdivision  five,     such
  suspension shall be only a license suspension.
    (x)  For  a  period  of  six months where the holder is sentenced to a
  license suspension pursuant to paragraph  (b)  of  subdivision  five  of
  section  sixty-five-b  of  the  alcoholic beverage control law, provided
  however,  that,  in  accordance  with  such  subdivision  five,     such
  suspension shall be only a license suspension.
    (xi)  For  a period of one year or until the holder reaches the age of
  twenty-one, whichever is the greater period of time, where the holder is
  sentenced  to  a  license  suspension  pursuant  to  paragraph  (c)   of
  subdivision  five  of  section  sixty-five-b  of  the alcoholic beverage
  control law, provided however, that, in accordance with such subdivision
  five, such suspension shall be only a license suspension.
    (xii) for a period of one year where the holder is  convicted  of,  or
  receives  a  youthful  offender  or juvenile delinquency adjudication in
  connection with a violation of section 240.62  or  subdivision  five  of
  section 240.60 of the penal law.
    (xiii) for a period of sixty days where the holder is convicted of two
  or  more  violations  of paragraph two of subdivision (d) or subdivision
  (f) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter.
    (xiv) for a period of forty-five days where the holder is convicted of
  a traffic infraction for a first violation of article twenty-six of this
  chapter and the commission of such  violation  caused  serious  physical
  injury to another person, except: (A) where the holder is convicted of a
  traffic  infraction  for  a  first  violation  of section eleven hundred
  forty-six of this chapter and the commission of  such  violation  caused
  serious physical injury to another person, the suspension shall be for a
  period of six months; and (B) where the holder is convicted of a traffic
  infraction for a second violation of section eleven hundred forty-six of
  this  chapter  and  the  commission  of  such  violation  caused serious
  physical injury to another person, and such person has  previously  been
  convicted  of  a  traffic  infraction  for a violation of section eleven
  hundred forty-six of this chapter and the commission of  such  violation
  caused  serious physical injury to another person within five years, the
  suspension shall be for a period of one year.
    (xv) for a period of seventy-five days where the holder  is  convicted
  of  a  traffic infraction for a first violation of article twenty-six of
  this chapter and the commission of such violation caused  the  death  of
  another person.
    (xvi)  for  a  period  of  one hundred twenty days where the holder is
  convicted of a violation of  section  twelve  hundred  twenty-five-c  or
  section twelve hundred twenty-five-d of this chapter when such violation
  was  committed  while such holder had a probationary license, as defined
  in subdivision four of section five hundred one of this title.
    (xvii) for a period of one hundred twenty days  where  the  holder  is
  convicted  of  a  violation  of  section twelve hundred twenty-five-c or
  section twelve hundred twenty-five-d of this chapter when such violation
  was committed while such holder had a class DJ or MJ learner's permit or
  a class DJ or MJ license.
    c.  Application  of   mandatory   revocations   and   suspensions   to
  non-residents  and  to  unlicensed persons. Whenever a non-resident or a
  person who is unlicensed is convicted of any  violation  or  receives  a
  youthful  offender  or  juvenile delinquency adjudication in conjunction
  with a violation of section 240.62 or subdivision five of section 240.60
  of the penal law, which would require the revocation or suspension of  a
  license,  pursuant  to  the provisions of this chapter, if the person so
  convicted or adjudicated was the holder  of  a  license  issued  by  the
  commissioner, such non-resident's privilege of operating a motor vehicle
  in  this  state  or  such  unlicensed  person's privilege of obtaining a
  license issued by the commissioner shall be revoked  or  suspended,  and
  such  non-resident's  privilege  of  operation  within this state of any
  motor vehicle owned by such person or such unlicensed person's privilege
  of obtaining a registration issued by the commissioner may be  suspended
  as if such non-resident or unlicensed person was the holder of a license
  issued by the commissioner. The provisions of subdivisions six and seven
  of   this  section  shall  be  applicable  to  any  such  suspension  or
  revocation.
    d. Mandatory suspensions; vehicles over eighteen  thousand  pounds.  A
  license or privilege shall be suspended by the commissioner for a period
  of  sixty  days,  where  the  holder  is  convicted  of  a  violation of
  subdivision (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of  this  chapter,  and
  (i)  the  recorded  or entered speed upon which the conviction was based
  exceeded the applicable speed limit by more than twenty miles  per  hour
  or  (ii)  the  recorded  or  entered speed upon which the conviction was
  based exceeded the applicable speed limit by more  than  ten  miles  per
  hour  and  the  vehicle  was  either  (A)  in  violation of any rules or
  regulations  involving  an  out-of-service  defect  relating  to   brake
  systems,   steering   components   and/or   coupling   devices,  or  (B)
  transporting  flammable  gas,  radioactive  materials   or   explosives.
  Whenever  a  license  is  suspended  pursuant  to  this  paragraph,  the
  commissioner shall immediately issue a restricted license  provided  the
  holder  of such license is otherwise eligible to receive such restricted
  license, except that no such restricted license shall be valid  for  the
  operation of a vehicle with a GVWR of more than eighteen thousand pounds
  and  further  provided  that  issuing  a license to such person does not
  create a substantial traffic safety hazard.
    2-a. Mandatory suspension and revocation of a license and registration
  in certain cases. (a) Within seven days after conviction for a violation
  of any local law which prohibits the knowing operation  or  offering  to
  operate  or  permitting  the  operation  for  hire  of  any vehicle as a
  taxicab, livery, as defined in section one hundred twenty-one-e of  this
  chapter, coach, limousine, van or wheelchair accessible van or tow truck
  within  the  state  without first having obtained an appropriate license
  therefor  from  the  appropriate  licensing  authority  and  appropriate
  for-hire  insurance  from the appropriate insurance agency, the taxi and
  limousine commission or other local body having jurisdiction  over  such
  offenses  with  respect  to  such  vehicles shall provide notice of such
  conviction to the commissioner in a manner agreed upon between any  such
  local  body  and  the  commissioner.  Upon  receipt  of such notice, the
  commissioner  shall  suspend  the  license  of  such  operator  and  the
  registration of such vehicle for a period of sixty days.
    (b)  Within  seven  days after conviction for a violation of any local
  law which prohibits the knowing operation  or  offering  to  operate  or
  permitting  the  operation for hire of any vehicle as a taxicab, livery,
  as defined in section one hundred twenty-one-e of this  chapter,  coach,
  limousine,  van  or  wheelchair  accessible  van or tow truck within the
  state without first having obtained an appropriate license therefor from
  the appropriate licensing authority and appropriate  for-hire  insurance
  from the appropriate insurance agency where the operator has, within the
  previous  five years, been convicted of any such violation, the taxi and
  limousine commission or other local body having jurisdiction  over  such
  offenses  with  respect  to  such  vehicles  shall provide notice to the
  commissioner in a manner agreed upon between any such local body and the
  commissioner. Upon receipt of such notice, the commissioner shall revoke
  the license of such operator.
    (c) Within seven days after conviction for a violation  of  any  local
  law  which  prohibits  the  knowing  operation or offering to operate or
  permitting the operation for hire of any vehicle as a  taxicab,  livery,
  as  defined  in section one hundred twenty-one-e of this chapter, coach,
  limousine, van or wheelchair accessible van  or  tow  truck  within  the
  state without first having obtained an appropriate license therefor from
  the  appropriate  licensing authority and appropriate for-hire insurance
  from the appropriate insurance agency where the registrant  has,  within
  the  previous five years, been convicted of any such violation, the taxi
  and limousine commission or other local body  having  jurisdiction  over
  such  offenses with respect to such vehicles shall provide notice to the
  commissioner in a manner agreed upon between any such local body and the
  commissioner. Upon receipt of such notice, the commissioner shall revoke
  the registration of such vehicle,  and  no  new  registration  shall  be
  issued for at least six months, nor thereafter, except in the discretion
  of the commissioner.
    (d)  The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to any taxicab
  or livery as  defined  in  section  one  hundred  twenty-one-e  of  this
  chapter, coach, limousine, van or wheelchair accessible van or tow truck
  licensed  or  permitted for such operation by the appropriate local body
  of  any  other  municipality,  the  department  of  transportation,  the
  metropolitan   transportation   authority  or  the  interstate  commerce
  commission.
    3.  Permissive  suspensions  and  revocations.   Such   licenses   and
  registrations  and  the privilege of a non-resident of operating a motor
  vehicle in this state and of operation within this state  of  any  motor
  vehicle  owned  by  him  and  the  privilege  of an unlicensed person of
  obtaining a license issued  by  the  commissioner  and  of  obtaining  a
  registration issued by the commissioner may be suspended or revoked:
    a. for any violation of the provisions of this chapter, except section
  eleven  hundred ninety-two, or for any violation of a local ordinance or
  regulation prohibiting dangerous driving as shall, in the discretion  of
  the officer acting hereunder, justify such revocation or suspension;
    b.  because  of  some physical or mental disability of the holder, the
  court commitment of the holder to an institution under the  jurisdiction
  of  the  department of mental hygiene or the disability of the holder by
  reason of intoxication or the use of drugs;
    c. because of the conviction of the holder at any time of a felony;
    d. for habitual or persistent violation of any of  the  provisions  of
  this  chapter,  or  of  any lawful ordinance, rule or regulation made by
  local authorities in relation to traffic;
    e.  for  gross  negligence  in  the  operation  of  a motor vehicle or
  motorcycle or operating a  motor  vehicle  or  motorcycle  in  a  manner
  showing a reckless disregard for life or property of others;
    f.  for  knowingly  permitting  or  suffering  any  motor  vehicle  or
  motorcycle under the direction or control of the holder to  be  used  in
  aid or furtherance of the commission of any crime;
    g.  for  preventing  lawful  identification  of  any  motor vehicle or
  motorcycle under the holder's direction or control,  or  evading  lawful
  arrest or prosecution while operating such motor vehicle or motorcycle;
    h. for wilfully evading lawful prosecution in this state or in another
  state or jurisdiction for an offense committed therein against the motor
  vehicle or traffic laws thereof;
    i.  for  habitual  or  persistent  violation of any provisions of this
  chapter, and/or any lawful ordinance, rule or regulation made  by  local
  authorities  in  relation  to  traffic, and/or violations committed in a
  commercial motor  vehicle  of  any  law,  statute,  ordinance,  rule  or
  regulation  in  relation to traffic made by any other state, District of
  Columbia, Canadian province or local authority of such  state,  district
  or province;
    j.  except  as  provided  in  subdivision one herein or section eleven
  hundred ninety-three of this chapter upon the  conviction  of  a  person
  under  eighteen  years  of  age  of  any  crime  or  in  the  case of an
  adjudication of youthful offender under  nineteen  years  of  age,  such
  license or registration may be suspended or revoked for a maximum period
  of one year by the judge or justice sentencing him;
    k.  for a period of up to ninety days because of the conviction of the
  holder of the offenses of menacing as defined in section 120.15  of  the
  penal   law,   where  such  offense  was  committed  against  a  traffic
  enforcement agent employed by the city  of  New  York  or  the  city  of
  Buffalo  while  such  agent  was  enforcing or attempting to enforce the
  traffic regulations of such city.
    3-a.  Opportunity  to  be  heard  and  temporary  suspensions.   Where
  revocation  or  suspension  is  permissive,  the holder, unless he shall
  waive such right, shall have an opportunity to  be  heard  except  where
  such  revocation  or suspension is based solely on a court conviction or
  convictions or on  a  court  commitment  to  an  institution  under  the
  jurisdiction   of  the  department  of  mental  hygiene.  A  license  or
  registration, or the privilege of a non-resident of  operating  a  motor
  vehicle in this state or of the operation within this state of any motor
  vehicle  owned  by  him,  may, however, be temporarily suspended without
  notice, pending any prosecution, investigation or hearing.
    4. Administrative action  pursuant  to  interstate  compact.  a.  Such
  licenses  may  be  suspended  where pursuant to any compact or agreement
  authorized by section five hundred seventeen of this chapter the  holder
  thereof  is  issued  a  summons  for  a moving traffic violation, is not
  detained or required to furnish bail or collateral and fails  to  appear
  in response to such summons. Such suspension shall remain in effect only
  until such holder submits to the jurisdiction of the court in which such
  summons is returnable.
    b.  If  notification  is  received by the commissioner pursuant to any
  compact or agreement authorized by section  five  hundred  sixteen-b  of
  this  article that the holder of a New York license or an unlicensed New
  York resident has been convicted of an offense set forth in such compact
  or agreement, such conviction, for the purpose of administrative  action
  which  must  or  may  be  taken  by  the  commissioner  pursuant  to the
  provisions of this section, shall be deemed to be  a  conviction  of  an
  offense committed within this state in accordance with the provisions of
  such compact or agreement.
    4-a. Suspension for failure to answer an appearance ticket or to pay a
  fine.  (a)  Upon  receipt  of  a  court notification of the failure of a
  person to appear within sixty days of the return date or new  subsequent
  adjourned  date,  pursuant  to an appearance ticket charging said person
  with a violation of any of the provisions of this  chapter  (except  one
  for  parking, stopping, or standing), of any violation of the tax law or
  of the transportation law regulating traffic or of any lawful  ordinance
  or  regulation  made by a local or public authority, relating to traffic
  (except one for parking, stopping, or standing) or the failure to pay  a
  fine imposed by a court the commissioner or his or her agent may suspend
  the  driver's  license  or  privileges of such person pending receipt of
  notice from the court that such person has appeared in response to  such
  appearance  ticket  or  has  paid  such fine. Such suspension shall take
  effect no less than thirty days from the day upon which  notice  thereof
  is  sent  by  the  commissioner  to the person whose driver's license or
  privileges are to be suspended. Any suspension issued pursuant  to  this
  paragraph  shall  be  subject  to  the  provisions of paragraph (j-l) of
  subdivision two of section five hundred three of this chapter.
    (b) The provisions of paragraph (a)  of  this  subdivision  shall  not
  apply  to  a  registrant  who  was  not operating a vehicle, but who was
  issued a summons or an appearance ticket  for  a  violation  of  section
  three  hundred  eighty-five,  section  four  hundred one or section five
  hundred  eleven-a  of  this  chapter.  Upon  the  receipt  of  a   court
  notification  of  the failure of such person to appear within sixty days
  of the return date or a new subsequent adjourned date,  pursuant  to  an
  appearance  ticket  charging  said  person  with  such violation, or the
  failure  of  such  person  to  pay  a  fine  imposed  by  a  court,  the
  commissioner  or  his  or  her agent may suspend the registration of the
  vehicle or vehicles involved in such violation or privilege of operation
  of any motor vehicle owned by the registrant pending receipt  of  notice
  from  the  court  that  such  person  has  appeared  in response to such
  appearance ticket or has paid such fine.   Such  suspension  shall  take
  effect  no  less than thirty days from the day upon which notice thereof
  is sent  by  the  commissioner  to  the  person  whose  registration  or
  privilege  is  to  be  suspended. Any suspension issued pursuant to this
  paragraph shall be subject to  the  provisions  of  paragraph  (j-1)  of
  subdivision two of section five hundred three of this chapter.
    (c) Upon receipt of notification from a traffic and parking violations
  agency  or  a  traffic  violations  agency of the failure of a person to
  appear within sixty days of the return date or new subsequent  adjourned
  date,  pursuant  to  an  appearance  ticket  charging said person with a
  violation of:
    (i) any of the provisions of this  chapter  except  one  for  parking,
  stopping or standing and except those violations described in paragraphs
  (a),  (b),  (d),  (e)  and (f) of subdivision two and in paragraphs (a),
  (b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) of subdivision two-a of section three hundred
  seventy-one of the general municipal law;
    (ii) section five hundred two or subdivision (a) of  section  eighteen
  hundred fifteen of the tax law;
    (iii)  section fourteen-f (except paragraph (b) of subdivision four of
  section fourteen-f), two hundred eleven or two  hundred  twelve  of  the
  transportation law; or
    (iv)  any  lawful  ordinance  or  regulation made by a local or public
  authority relating to traffic  (except  one  for  parking,  stopping  or
  standing) or the failure to pay a fine imposed for such a violation by a
  traffic  and  parking  violations agency or a traffic violations agency,
  the commissioner or his or her agent may suspend the driver's license or
  privileges of such person pending receipt of notice from the agency that
  such  person  has  appeared in response to such appearance ticket or has
  paid such fine. Such suspension shall take effect no  less  than  thirty
  days  from the day upon which notice thereof is sent by the commissioner
  to the person whose driver's license or privileges are to be  suspended.
  Any suspension issued pursuant to this paragraph shall be subject to the
  provisions of paragraph (j-1) of subdivision two of section five hundred
  three of this chapter.
    4-b.  Suspension of registration for failure to answer or to pay fines
  with respect to certain violations. Upon receipt of certification from a
  court or administrative tribunal of appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the
  owner  of  a motor vehicle or his representative failed to appear on the
  return date or dates or any subsequent adjourned date or dates or failed
  to comply with the rules and regulations of an  administrative  tribunal
  following  entry  of  a  final  decision  or  decisions  in  response to
  twenty-five or  more  summonses  or  other  process,  issued  within  an
  eighteen  month  period  charging  that  such  motor  vehicle is parked,
  stopped or standing in violation  of  any  of  the  provisions  of  this
  chapter  or  of  any  law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local
  authority, the commissioner shall suspend the registration of such motor
  vehicle. Such suspension shall take effect no less than thirty days from
  the date on which notice thereof is sent  by  the  commissioner  to  the
  person  whose registration is to be suspended and shall remain in effect
  as long as the summmons or summonses remain unanswered, or in  the  case
  of  an  administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the
  rules and regulations  following  the  entry  of  a  final  decision  or
  decisions.
    * 4-c.  Suspension  of  registration  for  failure to answer or to pay
  fines with respect to parking, stopping and  standing  violations.  Upon
  receipt  of  certification  from  a  court or administrative tribunal of
  appropriate jurisdiction in a city with a population in  excess  of  one
  hundred thousand persons according to the nineteen hundred eighty United
  States  census  that  the owner of a motor vehicle or his representative
  following  compliance  by  such  city  with  the  notice  provisions  of
  subdivision  two  of  section  two  hundred thirty-five of this chapter,
  failed to appear on the return date or dates or any subsequent adjourned
  date or dates or failed to comply with the rules and regulations  of  an
  administrative   tribunal   following  entry  of  a  final  decision  or
  decisions, in response to five  or  more  summonses  or  other  process,
  issued  within a twelve month period charging that such motor vehicle is
  parked, stopped or standing in violation of any  of  the  provisions  of
  this  chapter  or  of  any  law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a
  local authority, the commissioner shall suspend the registration of such
  motor vehicle. Such suspension shall take effect  no  less  than  thirty
  days  from  the date on which notice thereof is sent by the commissioner
  to the person whose registration is to be suspended and shall remain  in
  effect  as long as the summons or summonses remain unanswered, or in the
  case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply  with
  the  rules  and  regulations  following the entry of a final decision or
  decisions.
    * NB Repealed September 1, 2017
    4-d. Suspension of registration for failure to answer or pay penalties
  with respect to certain violations. Upon the receipt of  a  notification
  from  a  court  or  an  administrative tribunal that an owner of a motor
  vehicle failed to appear on the return date or dates or a new subsequent
  adjourned date or dates or failed to pay any penalty imposed by a  court
  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative
  tribunal following entry of a final decision or decisions,  in  response
  to  five or more notices of liability or other process, issued within an
  eighteen  month  period  charging  such  owner  with a violation of toll
  collection regulations in accordance with the provisions of section  two
  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the  public authorities law or
  sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c  of  chapter  seven  hundred
  seventy-four  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, the commissioner or
  his agent shall suspend the registration  of  the  vehicle  or  vehicles
  involved  in  the  violation  or the privilege of operation of any motor
  vehicle owned by the registrant. Such suspension shall  take  effect  no
  less  than  thirty days from the date on which notice thereof is sent by
  the commissioner to  the  person  whose  registration  or  privilege  is
  suspended  and shall remain in effect until such registrant has appeared
  in response to such notices of liability or has paid such penalty or  in
  the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant has complied with
  the  rules  and  regulations  following the entry of a final decision or
  decisions.
    * 4-e. Suspension and  disqualification  for  failure  to  make  child
  support  payments  or  failure  to  comply  with  a summons, subpoena or
  warrant relating to a paternity or child  support  proceeding.  (1)  The
  commissioner,  on  behalf  of the department, shall enter into a written
  agreement  with  the  commissioner  of  the  office  of  temporary   and
  disability  assistance,  on  behalf  of  the  office  of  temporary  and
  disability  assistance,  which  shall  set  forth  the  procedures   for
  suspending the driving privileges of individuals who have failed to make
  payments of child support or combined child and spousal support.
    (2) Such agreement shall include:
    (i)  the  procedure under which the office of temporary and disability
  assistance shall notify the department of an individual's liability  for
  support arrears;
    (ii) the procedure under which the department shall be notified by the
  office  of  temporary  and  disability assistance that an individual has
  satisfied or commenced payment of his or her  support  arrears;  or  has
  made  satisfactory  payment  arrangements  thereon  and  shall  have the
  suspension of his or her driving privileges terminated;
    (iii) the procedure for reimbursement of the department and its agents
  by the office of  temporary  and  disability  assistance  for  the  full
  additional  costs  of  carrying  out  the  procedures authorized by this
  section, and may include, subject to the approval of the director of the
  budget, a procedure for reimbursement of necessary additional  costs  of
  collecting  social security numbers pursuant to section five hundred two
  of this title;
    (iv) provision for the publicizing  of  sanctions  for  nonpayment  of
  child  support  including the potential for the suspension of delinquent
  support obligors' driving privileges if they fail to pay  child  support
  or combined child and spousal support; and
    (v)  such  other  matters  as the parties to such agreement shall deem
  necessary to carry out provisions of this section.
    (3) Upon receipt of notification from  the  office  of  temporary  and
  disability  assistance  of a person's failure to satisfy support arrears
  or  to  make  satisfactory  payment  arrangements  thereon  pursuant  to
  paragraph  (e)  of subdivision twelve of section one hundred eleven-b of
  the social services law or notification from a court  issuing  an  order
  pursuant  to  section four hundred fifty-eight-a of the family court act
  or section two hundred forty-four-b of the domestic relations  law,  the
  commissioner  or  his  or  her  agent  shall suspend the license of such
  person to  operate  a  motor  vehicle.  In  the  event  such  person  is
  unlicensed,  such  person's  privilege  of  obtaining a license shall be
  suspended. Such suspension shall take effect no later than fifteen  days
  from  the  date  of  the  notice  thereof to the person whose license or
  privilege of obtaining a license is to be suspended, and shall remain in
  effect  until  such  time as the commissioner is advised that the person
  has satisfied the support  arrears  or  has  made  satisfactory  payment
  arrangements  thereon pursuant to paragraph (e) of subdivision twelve of
  section one hundred eleven-b of the social services law  or  until  such
  time as the court issues an order to terminate such suspension;
    (4)  From  the  time  the  commissioner  is  notified by the office of
  temporary and disability assistance of a person's liability for  support
  arrears  under this section, the commissioner shall be relieved from all
  liability to such person which may otherwise arise under  this  section,
  and  such  person  shall  have  no  right  to commence a court action or
  proceeding or to any other legal recourse against  the  commissioner  to
  recover  such  driving  privileges  as  authorized  by  this section. In
  addition, notwithstanding any other provision of law, such person  shall
  have  no  right  to  a  hearing  or appeal pursuant to this chapter with
  respect to a suspension of driving  privileges  as  authorized  by  this
  section.  However,  nothing  herein  shall be construed to prohibit such
  person from proceeding against the support collection unit  pursuant  to
  article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules.
    (5)   Any   person  whose  license  has  been  suspended  pursuant  to
  subdivision three of this section  may  apply  for  the  issuance  of  a
  restricted  use  license  as  provided in section five hundred thirty of
  this title.
    * NB Repealed August 31, 2017
    4-f. Suspension for failure to pay past-due tax liabilities.  (1)  The
  commissioner  shall enter into a written agreement with the commissioner
  of  taxation  and  finance,  as  provided   in   section   one   hundred
  seventy-one-v  of  the tax law, which shall set forth the procedures for
  suspending the drivers' licenses  of  individuals  who  have  failed  to
  satisfy  past-due  tax  liabilities  as  such  terms are defined in such
  section.
    (2) Upon receipt of notification from the department of  taxation  and
  finance   that   an  individual  has  failed  to  satisfy  past-due  tax
  liabilities, or to otherwise make payment arrangements  satisfactory  to
  the  commissioner  of taxation and finance, or has failed to comply with
  the terms of such payment arrangements more than once  within  a  twelve
  month  period,  the  commissioner  or his or her agent shall suspend the
  license of such person to operate a motor vehicle.  In  the  event  such
  person  is  unlicensed,  such  person's privilege of obtaining a license
  shall be suspended. Such suspension shall  take  effect  no  later  than
  fifteen  days from the date of the notice thereof provided to the person
  whose license or privilege of obtaining a license is  to  be  suspended,
  and  shall  remain  in  effect  until  such  time as the commissioner is
  advised  that  the  person  has  satisfied  his  or  her  past-due   tax
  liabilities,  or has otherwise made payment arrangements satisfactory to
  the commissioner of taxation and finance.
    (3) From the time the commissioner is notified by  the  department  of
  taxation  and  finance  under  this  section,  the commissioner shall be
  relieved from all liability to such person  which  may  otherwise  arise
  under  this  section,  and such person shall have no right to commence a
  court action or proceeding or to any other legal  recourse  against  the
  commissioner  to  recover  such driving privileges as authorized by this
  section. In addition, notwithstanding any other provision of  law,  such
  person  shall  have  no  right  to  a hearing or appeal pursuant to this
  chapter with respect to a suspension of driving privileges as authorized
  by this section.
    (4)  Notwithstanding  any  provision  of  law  to  the  contrary,  the
  department shall furnish the department of taxation and finance with the
  information necessary for the proper  identification  of  an  individual
  referred   to  the  department  for  the  purpose  of  driver's  license
  suspension  pursuant  to  this   section   and   section   one   hundred
  seventy-one-v  of the tax law. This shall include the individual's name,
  social security number and any other  information  the  commissioner  of
  motor vehicles deems necessary.
    (5)  Any  person  whose  driver's  license  is  suspended  pursuant to
  paragraph two of this subdivision  may  apply  for  the  issuance  of  a
  restricted  use  license  as  provided in section five hundred thirty of
  this title.
    5. Restoration. A license or registration may be restored by direction
  of the commissioner but  not  otherwise.  Reversal  on  appeal,  of  any
  conviction because of which any license or registration has been revoked
  or suspended, shall entitle the holder to restoration thereof forthwith.
  The  privileges  of  a  non-resident may be restored by direction of the
  commissioner in his discretion but not otherwise.
    6. Restrictions. a. Where revocation is mandatory  hereunder,  no  new
  license  shall  be issued for at least six months or, in certain cases a
  longer period as specified in this chapter, nor  thereafter,  except  in
  the discretion of the commissioner of motor vehicles.
    b.  Except  as  otherwise provided in paragraph c of this subdivision,
  where  revocation  is  mandatory  pursuant  to  subparagraph  (iii)   of
  paragraph  a  of  subdivision  two  of  this  section, no new commercial
  driver's license shall be issued for at least one  year  nor  thereafter
  except in the discretion of the commissioner, except that if such person
  has  previously  been  found to have refused a chemical test pursuant to
  section eleven hundred ninety-four  of  this  chapter  or  has  a  prior
  conviction  of  any  of the following offenses: any violation of section
  eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter; any violation of  subdivision
  one  or  two  of  section  six  hundred  of this chapter; or has a prior
  conviction of any felony involving the use of a motor  vehicle  pursuant
  to  paragraph  (a)  of  subdivision one of section five hundred ten-a of
  this article, then such commercial driver's license revocation shall  be
  permanent.
    c.  Where  revocation  is  mandatory  pursuant  to  subdivision one of
  section five hundred ten-a of this  chapter  or  subparagraph  (iii)  of
  paragraph  a  of  subdivision  two  of this section and the violation of
  subdivision two of section six hundred of  this  chapter  was  committed
  while  operating  a  commercial  motor  vehicle  transporting  hazardous
  materials, no new commercial driver's license shall  be  issued  for  at
  least  three  years  nor  thereafter  except  in  the  discretion of the
  commissioner, except that if such person has previously  been  found  to
  have  refused  a  chemical  test  pursuant  to  section  eleven  hundred
  ninety-four of this chapter or has a prior  conviction  of  any  of  the
  following  offenses:  any violation of section eleven hundred ninety-two
  of this chapter; any violation of subdivision one or two of section  six
  hundred  of  this  chapter;  or  has  a  prior  conviction of any felony
  involving the use of a  motor  vehicle  pursuant  to  paragraph  (a)  of
  subdivision one of section five hundred ten-a of this article, then such
  commercial driver's license revocation shall be permanent.
    d.  The  permanent  commercial driver's license revocation required by
  paragraphs b and c of this subdivision may be waived by the commissioner
  after a period of ten years has expired from such sentence provided:
    (i) that during such ten year period such person has not been found to
  have  refused  a  chemical  test  pursuant  to  section  eleven  hundred
  ninety-four of this chapter and has not been convicted of any one of the
  following  offenses:  any violation of section eleven hundred ninety-two
  of  this chapter; any violation of subdivision one or two of section six
  hundred of this chapter;  or  has  a  prior  conviction  of  any  felony
  involving  the  use  of  a  motor  vehicle  pursuant to paragraph (a) of
  subdivision one of section five hundred ten-a of this article;
    (ii) if any  of  the  grounds  upon  which  the  permanent  commercial
  driver's  license  revocation  is based involved a finding of refusal to
  submit to a chemical test pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-four
  of this chapter or a conviction of a violation  of  any  subdivision  of
  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two  of  this chapter, that such person
  provides acceptable documentation to the commissioner that  such  person
  has  voluntarily  enrolled  in and successfully completed an appropriate
  rehabilitation program; and
    (iii) after such documentation, if required, is  accepted,  that  such
  person  is  granted  a  certificate  of  relief  from  disabilities or a
  certificate of good conduct pursuant  to  article  twenty-three  of  the
  correction law by the court in which such person was last penalized.
    e.  Upon  a  third  finding of refusal and/or conviction of any of the
  offenses  which  require  a  permanent   commercial   driver's   license
  revocation,   such  permanent  revocation  may  not  be  waived  by  the
  commissioner under any circumstances.
    f. Where revocation is mandatory hereunder, based  upon  a  conviction
  had outside this state, no new license shall be issued until after sixty
  days  from  the  date  of such revocation, nor thereafter, except in the
  discretion of the commissioner.
    g. Except as provided  in  paragraph  k  of  this  subdivision,  where
  revocation  is permissive, no new license or certificate shall be issued
  by such commissioner to any person until after thirty days from the date
  of such revocation, nor thereafter, except  in  the  discretion  of  the
  commissioner  after  an  investigation  or  upon  a  hearing,  provided,
  however, that where  the  revocation  is  based  upon  a  failure  in  a
  reexamination  pursuant  to  section five hundred six of this chapter, a
  learner's permit may be issued immediately and  provided  further,  that
  where  revocation  is  based upon a conviction of a felony, other than a
  felony relating to the operation of a motor  vehicle  or  motorcycle,  a
  license  shall  be  issued  immediately,  if  the applicant is otherwise
  qualified and if the application for  such  license  is  accompanied  by
  consent  in  writing  issued by the parole or probation authority having
  jurisdiction over such applicant.
    h. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply  to  revocations
  issued  pursuant  to  sections  eleven  hundred  ninety-three and eleven
  hundred ninety-four of this chapter.
    i. Where suspension of a driver's license is mandatory hereunder based
  upon  a  conviction  of,  or  youthful  offender   or   other   juvenile
  adjudication in connection with, any misdemeanor or felony as defined in
  article  two  hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law,
  any violation of the federal controlled substances  act,  any  crime  in
  violation  of  subdivision  four of section eleven hundred ninety-two of
  this chapter or  any  out-of-state  or  federal  misdemeanor  or  felony
  drug-related  offense,  the  commissioner  may  issue  a  restricted use
  license pursuant to section five hundred thirty of this chapter.
    j. Where suspension of a driver's license is mandatory hereunder based
  upon  a  conviction  of,  or  youthful  offender   or   other   juvenile
  adjudication in connection with, any misdemeanor or felony as defined in
  article  two  hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law,
  any violation of the federal controlled substances  act,  any  crime  in
  violation  of  subdivision  four of section eleven hundred ninety-two of
  this chapter or  any  out-of-state  or  federal  misdemeanor  or  felony
  drug-related offense and the individual does not have a driver's license
  or  the  individual's  driver's  license  was  suspended  at the time of
  conviction or youthful offender  or  other  juvenile  adjudication,  the
  commissioner  shall  not  issue  a  new  license  nor restore the former
  license for a period of six months after such individual would otherwise
  have become eligible to obtain a new  license  or  to  have  the  former
  license  restored;  provided, however, that during such delay period the
  commissioner may issue a restricted use license pursuant to section five
  hundred thirty of this chapter to such previously suspended licensee.
    k. Where revocation is permissive hereunder, based upon a finding of a
  violation of section three hundred ninety-two or section  three  hundred
  ninety-two-a  of  this  chapter,  no new license or certificate shall be
  issued until after one year  from  the  date  of  such  revocation,  nor
  thereafter, except in the discretion of the commissioner.
    l.  Where  revocation  is  mandatory  pursuant  to subparagraph (x) of
  paragraph a of subdivision two of this section, no new license shall  be
  issued  for  at  least  seventy-five  days, nor thereafter except in the
  discretion of the commissioner.
    m. Where revocation is mandatory  pursuant  to  subparagraph  (xi)  of
  paragraph  a of subdivision two of this section, no new license shall be
  issued for at least one hundred twenty days, nor  thereafter  except  in
  the discretion of the commissioner.
    n.  Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph a of this subdivision,
  subdivision two of  section  five  hundred  ten-b  of  this  article  or
  paragraph  (b)  of subdivision one of section five hundred ten-c of this
  article, where revocation is mandatory pursuant to subparagraph (xii) or
  subparagraph (xiii) of paragraph a of subdivision two of  this  section,
  no  new  license  shall  be issued for at least one year, nor thereafter
  except in the discretion of the commissioner.
    o. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph a of this  subdivision,
  where   revocation  is  mandatory  pursuant  to  subparagraph  (iii)  of
  paragraph a of subdivision two of this section involving a violation  of
  section  three  hundred  ninety-two  of  this  chapter in relation to an
  application for  the  commercial  driver's  license  or  the  commercial
  learner's  permit  being  revoked, no new commercial driver's license or
  commercial learner's permit shall be issued for at least one  year,  nor
  thereafter except in the discretion of the commissioner.
    7.  Miscellaneous  provisions.  Except  as expressly provided, a court
  conviction shall not be necessary to sustain a revocation or suspension.
  Revocation or suspension hereunder shall be deemed an administrative act
  reviewable by the  supreme  court  as  such.  Notice  of  revocation  or
  suspension,  as well as any required notice of hearing, where the holder
  is not present, may be given by mailing the same in writing  to  him  or
  her  at  the  address  contained  in  his or her license, certificate of
  registration or at the current address provided  by  the  United  States
  postal  service,  as the case may be. Proof of such mailing by certified
  mail to the holder shall be presumptive evidence of the holder's receipt
  and actual knowledge of such notice.  Attendance  of  witnesses  may  be
  compelled  by  subpoena.  Failure  of  the  holder  or  any other person
  possessing the license card or number plates, to deliver the same to the
  suspending or revoking officer is a misdemeanor. Suspending or  revoking
  officers shall place such license cards and number plates in the custody
  of  the  commissioner  except  where  the  commissioner  shall otherwise
  direct. If any person shall fail to deliver a  license  card  or  number
  plates as provided herein, any police officer, bridge and tunnel officer
  of  the  Triborough  bridge  and  tunnel  authority,  or  agent  of  the
  commissioner having knowledge of such facts  shall  have  the  power  to
  secure  possession  thereof and return the same to the commissioner, and
  the  commissioner  may  forthwith  direct any police officer, bridge and
  tunnel officer of the Triborough bridge  and  tunnel  authority,  acting
  pursuant  to  his or her special duties, or agent of the commissioner to
  secure possession thereof and to return the same  to  the  commissioner.
  Failure  of  the  holder or of any person possessing the license card or
  number plates to deliver  to  any  police  officer,  bridge  and  tunnel
  officer  of  the Triborough bridge and tunnel authority, or agent of the
  commissioner who requests the same pursuant to this subdivision shall be
  a misdemeanor. Notice of revocation or  suspension  of  any  license  or
  registration  shall  be transmitted forthwith by the commissioner to the
  chief of police of the city or prosecuting officer of  the  locality  in
  which  the  person whose license or registration so revoked or suspended
  resides. In case any license or registration shall expire before the end
  of any period for which it has been revoked or suspended, and before  it
  shall  have  been restored as provided in this chapter, then and in that
  event any renewal thereof may be withheld until the end of  such  period
  of suspension or until restoration, as the case may be.
    The  revocation  of  a learner's permit shall automatically cancel the
  application for a license of the holder of such permit.
    No suspension or revocation of a license or registration shall be made
  because of a judgment  of  conviction  if  the  suspending  or  revoking
  officer  is  satisfied  that  the magistrate who pronounced the judgment
  failed to comply with subdivision one of section eighteen hundred  seven
  of  this  chapter.  In case a suspension or revocation has been made and
  the  commissioner  is  satisfied  that  there  was  such  failure,   the
  commissioner  shall  restore  the license or registration or both as the
  case may be.
    8. Cancellation. Upon receipt of a license which has been  surrendered
  to  the  licensing authority of any other jurisdiction as a prerequisite
  to the issuance of a license by such other  jurisdiction  in  accordance
  with  the  provisions of the Driver License Compact or any other laws of
  such jurisdiction, the commissioner shall cancel such license. Provided,
  however, that such license shall not be cancelled if the licensee  is  a
  resident of this state.
    9. Railroad vehicle violations. Upon certification by the commissioner
  of   transportation   that   there  has  been  a  violation  of  section
  seventy-six-b of the railroad law, the commissioner  of  motor  vehicles
  may  rescind,  cancel  or  suspend the registration of any motor vehicle
  described in subdivision one of section seventy-six-b  of  the  railroad
  law  and  may rescind, cancel, suspend or take possession of the current
  registration certificate and number plates of any such motor vehicle.
    10. Where a youth is determined to be a youthful offender, following a
  conviction of a violation for which a license suspension  or  revocation
  is   mandatory   or  where  a  youth  receives  a  juvenile  delinquency
  adjudication in conjunction  with  a  violation  of  section  240.62  or
  subdivision  five  of  section  240.60 of the penal law, the court shall
  impose such suspension or  revocation  as  is  otherwise  required  upon
  conviction   and,   further,  shall  notify  the  commissioner  of  said
  suspension or revocation and its finding that said violator  is  granted
  youthful offender status as is required pursuant to section five hundred
  thirteen   of   this   chapter   or   received  a  juvenile  delinquency
  adjudication.
    11. Notwithstanding any contrary provision of  law,  the  division  of
  criminal  justice  services is authorized to share with the commissioner
  such criminal history information in its possession as may be  necessary
  to effect the provisions of this chapter.

  S 510-a. Suspension and revocation of commercial driver's licenses. 1.
  Revocation.  A  commercial  driver's  license  shall  be  revoked by the
  commissioner whenever the holder is convicted within or outside of  this
  state  (a)  of  a  felony  involving the use of a motor vehicle except a
  felony as described in paragraph (b)  of  this  subdivision;  (b)  of  a
  felony  involving  manufacturing,  distributing  or dispensing a drug as
  defined in section one hundred fourteen-a of this chapter or  possession
  of any such drug with intent to manufacture, distribute or dispense such
  drug  in  which  a  motor  vehicle  was  used;  (c)  of  a  violation of
  subdivision one or two of section six hundred of this  chapter;  (d)  of
  operating  a  commercial  motor  vehicle  when,  as  a  result  of prior
  violations committed while operating a  commercial  motor  vehicle,  the
  driver's commercial driver's license is revoked, suspended, or canceled,
  or the driver is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle;
  (e)  has  been  convicted  of  causing  a fatality through the negligent
  operation of a commercial motor vehicle, including but  not  limited  to
  the  crimes  of vehicular manslaughter or criminally negligent homicide;
  or (f) the commissioner determines that the  holder  has  made  a  false
  statement  regarding  information:  (i)  required  by  the federal motor
  carrier safety improvement act of 1999 and Subpart  J  of  Part  383  of
  title  49  of  the  code of federal regulations relating to a commercial
  driver's license document in an application for  a  commercial  driver's
  license;  (ii)  required by the federal motor carrier safety improvement
  act of 1999 and Part 383.71 (a) and (g) of  title  49  of  the  code  of
  federal  regulations  relating to an initial commercial driver's license
  or existing commercial driver's license holder's  self-certification  in
  any  of the self-certifications regarding the type of driving engaged or
  to be engaged in by the holder or regarding the non-applicability to the
  holder of the physical qualification requirements of the  federal  motor
  carrier  safety  improvement act of 1999 and Part 391 of title 49 of the
  code of federal regulations relating to qualifications  of  drivers;  or
  (iii)  required  by  the federal motor carrier safety improvement act of
  1999 and Part 383.71(h) of title 49 of the code of  federal  regulations
  relating  to  commercial  driver's  license  requirements in any medical
  certificate.
    2. Duration  of  revocation.  (a)  Except  as  otherwise  provided  in
  paragraph  (b)  of  this  subdivision,  where revocation of a commercial
  driver's license is mandatory pursuant to paragraph (a), (c),  (d),  (e)
  or  (f)  of  subdivision  one of this section no new commercial driver's
  license shall be issued for at least one year nor thereafter  except  in
  the discretion of the commissioner, except that for revocations pursuant
  to paragraph (a), (c), (d) or (e) of subdivision one of this section, if
  such  person  has  previously been found to have refused a chemical test
  pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-four of this chapter or has  a
  prior  conviction  of  any  of  the following offenses: any violation of
  section eleven hundred ninety-two of  this  chapter,  any  violation  of
  subdivision  one  or  two of section six hundred of this chapter, or any
  felony involving the use of a motor vehicle pursuant to paragraph (a) of
  subdivision one of this section, or has been convicted  of  operating  a
  commercial motor vehicle when, as a result of prior violations committed
  while  operating  a  commercial  motor  vehicle, the driver's commercial
  driver's license is revoked, suspended, or canceled, or  the  driver  is
  disqualified  from  operating  a  commercial  motor vehicle, or has been
  convicted of causing a fatality through the  negligent  operation  of  a
  commercial  motor  vehicle,  including  but not limited to the crimes of
  vehicular manslaughter  or  criminally  negligent  homicide,  then  such
  commercial driver's license revocation shall be permanent.
    (b)  Where revocation is mandatory pursuant to paragraph (a), (c), (d)
  or (e) of subdivision one of  this  section  and  the  commercial  motor
  vehicle was transporting hazardous materials, no new commercial driver's
  license  shall  be issued for at least three years nor thereafter except
  in  the  discretion  of the commissioner, except that if such person has
  previously been found to  have  refused  a  chemical  test  pursuant  to
  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-four  of  this  chapter  or has a prior
  conviction of any of the following offenses: any  violation  of  section
  eleven  hundred ninety-two of this chapter, any violation of subdivision
  one or two of section  six  hundred  of  this  chapter,  or  any  felony
  involving  the  use  of  a  motor  vehicle  pursuant to paragraph (a) of
  subdivision one of this  section,  or  been  convicted  of  operating  a
  commercial motor vehicle when, as a result of prior violations committed
  while  operating  a  commercial  motor  vehicle  the driver's commercial
  driver's license is revoked, suspended, or canceled, or  the  driver  is
  disqualified  from  operating  a  commercial  motor vehicle, or has been
  convicted of causing a fatality through the  negligent  operation  of  a
  commercial  motor  vehicle,  including  but not limited to the crimes of
  vehicular manslaughter  or  criminally  negligent  homicide,  then  such
  commercial driver's license revocation shall be permanent.
    (c)  The  permanent commercial driver's license revocation required by
  paragraphs (a) and  (b)  of  this  subdivision  may  be  waived  by  the
  commissioner  after a period of ten years has expired from such sentence
  provided:
    (i) that during such ten year period such person has not been found to
  have  refused  a  chemical  test  pursuant  to  section  eleven  hundred
  ninety-four of this chapter and has not been convicted of any one of the
  following  offenses:  any violation of section eleven hundred ninety-two
  of this chapter, any violation of subdivision one or two of section  six
  hundred  of  this  chapter,  or  any felony involving the use of a motor
  vehicle pursuant to paragraph (a) of subdivision one of this section, or
  has been convicted of operating a commercial motor vehicle  when,  as  a
  result  of prior violations committed while operating a commercial motor
  vehicle, the driver's commercial driver's license is revoked, suspended,
  or canceled, or the driver is disqualified from operating  a  commercial
  motor  vehicle;  or has been convicted of causing a fatality through the
  negligent operation of a commercial motor  vehicle,  including  but  not
  limited  to the crimes of vehicular manslaughter or criminally negligent
  homicide;
    (ii) if any  of  the  grounds  upon  which  the  permanent  commercial
  driver's  license  revocation  is based involved a finding of refusal to
  submit to a chemical test pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-four
  of this chapter or a conviction of a violation  of  any  subdivision  of
  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two  of  this chapter, that such person
  provides acceptable documentation to the commissioner that  such  person
  has enrolled in and successfully completed an appropriate rehabilitation
  program; and
    (iii)  after  such  documentation, if required, is accepted, that such
  person is granted  a  certificate  of  relief  from  disabilities  or  a
  certificate  of  good  conduct  pursuant  to article twenty-three of the
  correction law by the court in which such person was last penalized.
    (d) Upon a third finding of refusal and/or conviction of  any  of  the
  offenses   which   require   a  permanent  commercial  driver's  license
  revocation,  such  permanent  revocation  may  not  be  waived  by   the
  commissioner under any circumstances.
    (e)  Where  revocation  is  mandatory  pursuant  to  paragraph  (b) of
  subdivision one of this section such revocation shall be  permanent  and
  may not be waived by the commissioner under any circumstances.
    3. Suspension. (a) A commercial driver's license shall be suspended by
  the  commissioner  for  a  period  of  sixty  days  where  the holder is
  convicted of two serious traffic violations as  defined  in  subdivision
  four  of  this section committed within a three year period, in separate
  incidents  whether  such  convictions occurred within or outside of this
  state.
    (b)  A  commercial  driver's  license  shall  be  suspended   by   the
  commissioner for a period of one hundred twenty days where the holder is
  convicted  of three serious traffic violations as defined in subdivision
  four of this section committed within a three year period,  in  separate
  incidents  whether  such  convictions occurred within or outside of this
  state.
    (c)  A  commercial  drivers  license  shall  be   suspended   by   the
  commissioner for a period of sixty days where the holder is convicted of
  a  violation of subdivision (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this
  chapter, and (i) the recorded or entered speed upon which the conviction
  was based exceeded the applicable speed limit by more than twenty  miles
  per hour or (ii) the recorded or entered speed upon which the conviction
  was based exceeded the applicable speed limit by more than ten miles per
  hour  and  the  vehicle  was  either  (A)  in  violation of any rules or
  regulations  involving  an  out-of-service  defect  relating  to   brake
  systems,   steering   components   and/or   coupling   devices,  or  (B)
  transporting flammable gas, radioactive materials or explosives.
    (d)  A  commercial  driver's  license  shall  be  suspended   by   the
  commissioner:
    (i) for a period of one hundred eighty days where the holder was found
  to  have  operated  a  commercial  motor  vehicle  designed  or  used to
  transport property as defined in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph
  (a) of subdivision four of section five hundred one-a of this title,  in
  violation  of  an  out-of-service order as provided for in the rules and
  regulations of the department of transportation whether  such  violation
  was  committed  within this state or was the same or a similar violation
  involving an out-of-service order committed outside of this state;
    (ii) for a period of two years if, during  any  ten-year  period,  the
  holder  is  found to have committed two such violations not arising from
  the same incident whether  such  violations  were  committed  within  or
  outside of the state;
    (iii)  for a period of three years if, during any ten-year period, the
  holder is convicted of three or more such violations  not  arising  from
  the  same  incident  whether  such  violations  were committed within or
  outside of the state;
    (iv) for a period of one hundred eighty days if the holder is found to
  have operated a commercial motor vehicle designed or used  to  transport
  passengers  or  property  as  defined  in subparagraphs (iii) and (v) of
  paragraph (a) of subdivision four of section five hundred one-a of  this
  title,  in  violation of an out-of-service order, as provided for in the
  rules  and  regulations  of  the  department  of  transportation,  while
  transporting  hazardous  materials  or passengers whether such violation
  was committed within this state or was the same or a  similar  violation
  committed outside of this state;
    (v)  for  a  period of three years if, during any ten-year period, the
  holder is found to have committed two or more  violations,  not  arising
  from the same incident, of operating a commercial motor vehicle designed
  or  used to transport passengers or property as defined in subparagraphs
  (iii) and (v) of paragraph (a)  of  subdivision  four  of  section  five
  hundred one-a of this title, in violation of an out-of-service order, as
  provided  for  in  the  rules  and  regulations  of  the  department  of
  transportation, while transporting  hazardous  materials  or  passengers
  whether  such  violation was committed within this state or was the same
  or a similar  violation  involving  an  out-of-service  order  committed
  outside of this state.
    (e)   A   commercial  driver's  license  shall  be  suspended  by  the
  commissioner:
    (i) for a period of sixty days where the  holder  is  convicted  of  a
  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-one  or  section eleven
  hundred seventy-six of this chapter whether such violation was committed
  within this state or was the  same  or  a  similar  violation  involving
  railroad grade crossings committed outside of this state.
    (ii)  for  a  period  of  one  hundred twenty days where the holder is
  convicted of a second violation of section eleven hundred seventy-one or
  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-six  of  this  chapter  whether   such
  violations were committed within or outside of this state, both of which
  were committed within a three year period.
    (iii)  for  a  period  of  one year where the holder is convicted of a
  third violation of section eleven hundred seventy-one or section  eleven
  hundred  seventy-six  of  this  chapter  whether  such  violations  were
  committed within or outside of this state, all of which  were  committed
  within a three year period.
    4.  Serious  traffic violations. (a) A serious traffic violation shall
  mean operating a commercial motor vehicle in violation of any  provision
  of this chapter or the laws or ordinances of any other state or locality
  outside of this state that restricts or prohibits the use of a hand-held
  mobile  telephone  or  a  portable  electronic  device while operating a
  commercial motor vehicle or  in  violation  of  any  provision  of  this
  chapter  or the laws of any other state, the District of Columbia or any
  Canadian province which (i) limits the speed of motor vehicles, provided
  the  violation  involved  fifteen  or  more  miles  per  hour  over  the
  established speed limit; (ii) is defined as reckless driving by state or
  local  law  or  regulation;  (iii)  prohibits  improper  or erratic lane
  change; (iv) prohibits following  too  closely;  (v)  relates  to  motor
  vehicle  traffic  (other  than  parking, standing or stopping) and which
  arises in connection with a fatal accident; (vi) operating a  commercial
  motor  vehicle  without first obtaining a commercial driver's license as
  required by section five hundred one of this title;  (vii)  operating  a
  commercial  motor  vehicle  without a commercial driver's license in the
  driver's possession; or (viii)  operating  a  commercial  motor  vehicle
  without   the   proper  class  of  commercial  driver's  license  and/or
  endorsement  for  the  specific  vehicle  being  operated  or  for   the
  passengers or type of cargo being transported.
    (b)  Whether any specific violation which occurs without this state is
  a serious violation  shall  be  dependent  upon  whether  the  state  or
  province  in  which  the violation occurs, reports such violation to the
  commissioner as, or deems it to be, a serious  traffic  violation  under
  the  provisions  of  the  federal commercial motor vehicle safety act of
  nineteen hundred eighty-six, public law 99-570, title XII or  the  motor
  carrier   safety  improvement  act  of  1999,  public  law  106-159  and
  regulations promulgated thereunder.
    4-a. Dismissal. The court shall dismiss  any  charge  of  operating  a
  commercial  motor  vehicle  without a commercial driver's license in the
  driver's possession if, between the date the driver is charged with such
  violation and  the  appearance  date  for  such  violation,  the  driver
  supplies  the  court  with  proof that he or she held a valid commercial
  driver's license on the date of such violation. Such  driver  must  also
  supply  such  proof  to  the  law  enforcement authority that issued the
  citation, prior to such driver's appearance in court.
    5. Limitation of effect of revocation or suspension. Any revocation or
  suspension of a commercial driver's  license  issued  pursuant  to  this
  section  shall  be  applicable  only  to  that  portion  of the holder's
  driver's license or privilege which permits the operation of  commercial
  motor  vehicles, and the commissioner shall immediately issue a license,
  other than a commercial driver's license, to such person, provided  that
  such  person  is  otherwise eligible to receive such license and further
  provided that issuing a  license  to  such  person  does  not  create  a
  substantial traffic safety hazard.
    6. Application of section to persons not holding a commercial driver's
  license.  Whenever  a  person  who  is  not  the  holder of a commercial
  driver's license issued by the commissioner is convicted of a  violation
  arising  out  of the operation of a commercial motor vehicle which would
  require the mandatory revocation or suspension of a commercial  driver's
  license  pursuant  to this section or clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph
  five of paragraph (b) or clause b of subparagraph three of paragraph (e)
  of subdivision two of section eleven hundred ninety-three, or  clause  c
  of  subparagraph  one  of  paragraph  (d)  of subdivision two of section
  eleven hundred ninety-four of this chapter, the privilege of such person
  to operate a commercial motor vehicle  and/or  to  obtain  a  commercial
  driver's license issued by the commissioner will be suspended or revoked
  for the same periods of time and subject to the same conditions provided
  in this section, or clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph five of paragraph
  (b)  or  clause  b of subparagraph three of paragraph (e) of subdivision
  two of section eleven hundred ninety-three, or clause c of  subparagraph
  one  of  paragraph  (d)  of  subdivision  two  of section eleven hundred
  ninety-four of this chapter, which would be applicable to the holder  of
  a commercial driver's license.
    7.   Other   revocation  or  suspension  action  not  prohibited.  The
  provisions of this section shall not be construed to prevent any  person
  who  has  the  authority  to  suspend  or  revoke  a license to drive or
  privilege of operating pursuant to section  five  hundred  ten  of  this
  chapter  from  exercising any such authority based upon a conviction for
  which suspension or revocation of a commercial driver's license  by  the
  commissioner is mandated.
    8.   Disqualifications   based  upon  record  review.  (a)  Where  the
  commissioner conducts a state record review pursuant to section  384.206
  of  title 49 of the code of federal regulations and he or she determines
  that: (i) a person  applying  for  a  commercial  driver's  license  was
  convicted  outside  of  this  state  of  an offense set forth in section
  383.51 of title 49 of the code of federal regulations  while  holding  a
  commercial driver's license issued by another state; and (ii) such other
  state failed to impose the commercial driver's license disqualification,
  suspension  or revocation set forth in section 383.51 of title 49 of the
  code of federal regulations for  such  offense,  then  the  commissioner
  shall  immediately  suspend such person's commercial driver's license or
  privilege of operating a commercial motor  vehicle.  Provided,  however,
  that  where  such  licenses would have been subject to revocation upon a
  conviction  for  such  conduct  had  it  occurred  in  this  state,  the
  commissioner  shall  revoke  such license. Such suspension or revocation
  shall be for the applicable period of time set forth  for  a  conviction
  for such offense in such section 383.51 as it existed on the date of the
  violation.
    (b)  Any  suspension  or  revocation  of a commercial driver's license
  issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall be applicable
  only to that portion of the holder's driver's license or privilege which
  permits the operation of commercial motor vehicles, and the commissioner
  shall immediately issue a license,  other  than  a  commercial  driver's
  license,  to such person provided that such person is otherwise eligible
  to receive such license and further provided that issuing a  license  to
  such person does not create a substantial traffic safety hazard.
    9.  Application  of  disqualifications  to  holders  of  a  commercial
  learner's permit.  Notwithstanding  any  other  provision  of  law,  any
  provision  of  this  chapter  relating  to  the  revocation, suspension,
  downgrading, disqualification or cancellation of a  commercial  driver's
  license shall apply in the same manner to a commercial learner's permit.
    10.  Consecutive  disqualification  periods. Notwithstanding any other
  provision of law, whenever a suspension, revocation or  disqualification
  applicable  to  a  commercial  driver's  license or commercial learner's
  permit is required by Part 383.51 of title 49 of  the  code  of  federal
  regulations  and thereby imposed pursuant to this section or paragraph b
  or c of subdivision six of section five hundred ten  or  section  eleven
  hundred ninety-three or eleven hundred ninety-four of this chapter, such
  suspension,  revocation  or  disqualification shall take effect upon the
  expiration  of  the  minimum  period  of  a  suspension,  revocation  or
  disqualification  required  by  Part  383.51  of title 49 of the code of
  federal regulations and thereby imposed  pursuant  to  this  section  or
  paragraph  b  or  c  of  subdivision  six of section five hundred ten or
  section eleven hundred ninety-three or  eleven  hundred  ninety-four  of
  this chapter which is currently in effect for such license or permit and
  arose  from  a  separate  incident.  Provided, however, that the term or
  terms of any other suspension, revocation or disqualification applicable
  to a commercial driver's license or commercial  learner's  permit  shall
  run concurrently if: (a) such suspension, revocation or disqualification
  is  not  required  by  Part  383.51  of  title 49 of the code of federal
  regulations; or (b)  such  suspension,  revocation  or  disqualification
  arose from the same incident.

    S 510-aa. Downgrade  of  commercial  driver's licenses. A commercial
  driver's license  shall  be  downgraded  to  a  non-commercial  driver's
  license  by  the  commissioner within sixty days of the holder's medical
  certification status becoming "not-certified" based upon the  expiration
  of  the holder's medical certification or medical variance documentation
  required by the federal motor carrier safety improvement act of 1999 and
  Part 383.71(h) of title 49 of the code of federal regulations,  or  upon
  the  holder's  failure  to  submit such medical certification or medical
  variance documentation at such intervals  as  required  by  the  federal
  motor carrier safety improvement act of 1999 and Part 383.71(h) of title
  49  of the code of federal regulations and in a manner prescribed by the
  commissioner. A commercial driver's license shall also be downgraded  to
  a  non-commercial driver's license by the commissioner within sixty days
  of the holder's medical certification  status  becoming  "not-certified"
  based  upon  receipt of information from the issuing medical examiner or
  the  federal  motor  carrier  safety  administration  that   a   medical
  certification or medical variance was issued in error or rescinded. Such
  downgrade  shall  be  terminated,  and  the  commercial driver's license
  restored, upon: (1)  the  holder's  submission  of  the  required  valid
  medical examiner's certificate or medical variance documentation; or (2)
  the  holder's self-certification specifying the type of commercial motor
  vehicle operation he or she engages, or expects to engage in,  and  that
  the  holder  is  therefore  not  subject  to  the physical qualification
  requirements of the federal motor carrier safety improvement act of 1999
  and Part 383.71(h) of title 49 of the code of federal  regulations.  The
  commissioner  shall,  upon  a  holder's status becoming "not-certified",
  notify the holder of such commercial driver's  license  by  first  class
  mail to the address of such person on file with the department or at the
  current  address  provided by the United States postal service of his or
  her "not-certified" medical certification status and  that  his  or  her
  commercial  driver's  license  will  be  downgraded  to a non-commercial
  driver's license unless he or she submits a current medical  certificate
  and/or medical variance in accordance with Part 383.71(h) of title 49 of
  the code of federal regulations or changes his or her self-certification
  to  driving  only  in excepted or intrastate commerce in accordance with
  Part 383.71(b)(ii)(B), (C) or (D) of title 49 of  the  code  of  federal
  regulations.

  S  510-b.  Suspension  and  revocation for violations committed during
  probationary periods. 1. A license, other than a class DJ  or  class  MJ
  license,  shall  be  suspended, for a period of sixty days, (i) upon the
  first conviction of the licensee of a violation,  committed  during  the
  probationary  period  provided  for  in subdivision four of section five
  hundred one of this title, of any provision of  section  eleven  hundred
  twenty-nine  of  this  chapter,  section  eleven  hundred eighty of this
  chapter or any ordinance or  regulation  limiting  the  speed  of  motor
  vehicles  and  motorcycles,  section  eleven  hundred eighty-two of this
  chapter, or subdivision one of section eleven hundred ninety-two of this
  chapter or section twelve hundred twelve of this chapter; or  (ii)  upon
  the  second  conviction of the licensee of a violation, committed during
  the aforesaid probationary  period,  of  any  other  provision  of  this
  chapter  or  of  any  other  law,  ordinance,  order, rule or regulation
  relating to traffic.
    2. A license, other than a class DJ or class  MJ  license,  considered
  probationary  pursuant  to  subdivision  three  of this section shall be
  revoked upon the conviction of the licensee of a violation or violations
  committed within six months following the  restoration  or  issuance  of
  such  license,  which  conviction  or  convictions  would  result in the
  suspension of a probationary license pursuant to subdivision one of this
  section.
    3. Any license, other than a class DJ or class MJ  license,  which  is
  restored  or  issued  to  a  person  who  has had his last valid license
  suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be
  considered probationary until the expiration of six months following the
  date of restoration or issuance thereof.
    4. The provisions of subdivisions one, five, six and seven of  section
  five  hundred  ten  of  this  chapter  shall  apply to any suspension or
  revocation under this section. However, the provisions of  this  section
  shall  not operate to prevent a mandatory revocation or suspension for a
  greater period of time under subdivision two of section five hundred ten
  of this chapter or section eleven hundred ninety-three of this  chapter;
  nor   shall  the  provisions  of  this  section  prevent  revocation  or
  suspension under subdivisions two and three of section five hundred  ten
  based  upon  two  or more violations, including the same violation which
  was the basis for suspension or revocation under this section.

  S  510-c.  Suspension and revocation of learner's permits and driver's
  licenses for violations committed by holders of class  DJ  or  class  MJ
  learner's  permits  or licenses. 1. (a) A learner's permit or a driver's
  license shall be suspended for a period of sixty days:
    (i) upon a conviction or finding of a  serious  traffic  violation  as
  defined  in  subdivision  two  of  this section, when such violation was
  committed while the holder had a class DJ or class MJ  learner's  permit
  or a class DJ or MJ license; or
    (ii)  upon  the second conviction or finding of such permit or license
  holder of a violation of any other provision  of  this  chapter  or  any
  other law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation relating to traffic, and
  when  such  violation  was committed while such holder had a class DJ or
  class MJ learner's permit or a class DJ or MJ license.
    (b) A learner's permit or a driver's license shall be  revoked  for  a
  period  of  sixty  days  upon the conviction or finding of the permit or
  license holder of a violation or violations, committed within six months
  after the restoration of such permit or license  suspended  pursuant  to
  paragraph  (a)  of this subdivision, which convictions or findings would
  result in the suspension of such permit or license pursuant to paragraph
  (a) of this subdivision.
    2. For purposes of this section, the term "serious traffic  violation"
  shall  mean  operating  a  motor  vehicle  in  violation  of  any of the
  following  provisions  of  this  chapter:   articles   twenty-five   and
  twenty-six;  subdivision one of section six hundred; section six hundred
  one; sections eleven hundred  eleven,  eleven  hundred  seventy,  eleven
  hundred  seventy-two  and eleven hundred seventy-four; subdivisions (a),
  (b), (c), (d) and (f) of section eleven hundred  eighty,  provided  that
  the  violation  involved ten or more miles per hour over the established
  limit; section eleven hundred eighty-two; subdivision three-a of section
  twelve hundred twenty-nine-c for  violations  involving  use  of  safety
  belts  or  seats by a child under the age of sixteen; and section twelve
  hundred twelve of this chapter.
    3. Any suspension or revocation required for a  violation  of  section
  twelve  hundred twenty-five-c or section twelve hundred twenty-five-d of
  this chapter shall be subject to the provisions of subdivisions two  and
  six of section five hundred ten of this article.

  S 510-d. Suspension and revocation of class E driver's licenses. 1.
  A class E driver's license shall be suspended by the commissioner for  a
  period  of  one  year  where  the  holder is convicted of a violation of
  section 230.20, 230.25, 230.30, 230.32, 230.34 or 230.40  of  the  penal
  law and the holder used a for hire motor vehicle to commit such crime.
    2.  A class E driver's license may be revoked by the commissioner when
  the holder,  who  had  his  or  her  driver's  license  suspended  under
  subdivision  one of this section within the last ten years, is convicted
  of a second violation of section 230.20, 230.25, 230.30, 230.32,  230.34
  or  230.40 of the penal law and the holder used a for hire motor vehicle
  to commit such crime.
    3. Any revocation or suspension of a class E driver's  license  issued
  pursuant to this article shall be applicable only to that portion of the
  holder's  driver's license or privilege which permits the operation of a
  motor vehicle transporting passengers for  hire,  and  the  commissioner
  shall  immediately  issue  a  license,  other  than  a  class E driver's
  license, to such person, provided that such person is otherwise eligible
  to receive such license and further provided that issuing a  license  to
  such person does not create a substantial traffic safety hazard.
    4.  The  provisions  of this section shall not be construed to prevent
  any person who has the authority to suspend or revoke a license to drive
  or privilege of operating pursuant to section five hundred ten  of  this
  article from exercising any such authority.

Top of Page...

Article 20 | s510 | s511 | s512 | s513 | s514 | s515 | s516 | s517

Vehicle and Traffic Law - Table of Contents

VTL Index | Article Index | Violation Guide | License Guide | Popular Articles | Search Phrases
Title 1 | Title 2 | Title 3 | Title 4 |Title 5 | Title 6 |Title 7 | Title 8 | Title 9 | Title 10 | Title 11 | Title 12 | 01 | 02 | 2A | 2B | 03 | 3A | 04 | 05 | 5A | 06 | 07 | 08 | 09 | 10 |11 | 12 | 12a | 12b | 12c | 13 | 14 | 14A | 14B | 15 | 15A | 16 | 17 | 17A | 17A* | 17B | 17C | 18 | 19 | 19A | 19B | 20 | 21 | 21A | 21B | 21C | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 34A | 34B | 34C | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 44A | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 48A | 48B | 48C | 49 | 50

Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this site is accurate and current, readers should consult with a qualified attorney before acting on any such information. No liability is assumed by YPDcrime.com for any losses suffered directly or indirectly by any person relying on the information because its accuracy cannot be guaranteed.