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Vehicle and Traffic Law

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Article 39 - NY Vehicle and Traffic Law

REGULATION OF TRAFFIC BY CITIES AND VILLAGES

Section Description
1640Traffic regulations in all cities and villages.
1640-aTraffic regulations at parking areas and driveways of hospitals, shopping centers, office buildings and office building complexes, places of public assembly, facilities owned or leased by not-for-profit corporations, private apartment complexes and fire stations; private condominium complex; mobile home parks; manufactured home parks.
1640-bResidential parking system in the Corn Hill section of the city of Rochester.
1640-cResidential parking system in the city of Rye.
1640-dResidential parking system in the village of Pelham in the county of Westchester.
1640-eResidential parking system in the Tibbetts Brook Park and Yonkers Raceway/Empire City areas of the city of Yonkers.
1640-e*2Residential parking system in the city of Ithaca in the county of Tompkins.
1640-fResidential parking permit system in the city of Beacon.
1640-f*2Residential parking system in the city of Auburn in the county of Cayuga.
1640-f*3Residential parking system in the village of Tarrytown.
1640-gResidential parking system in the village of Tuckahoe in the county of Westchester.
1640-hResidential parking system in the city of Peekskill.
1640-h*2Residential parking system in the village of Cold Spring in the county of Putnam.
1640-iResidential parking system in the village of Mt.Kisco.
1640-jResidential parking system in the Garrett Park area of the city of Yonkers.
1640-j*2Residential parking system in the village of Irvington.
1640-kResidential parking permit system in the city of Rensselaer.
1640-lResidential parking system in the city of Binghamton.
1640-mPilot residential parking permit system in the city of Albany.
1640-nResidential parking system in the village of Bronxville in the county of Westchester.
1640-oResidential parking system in the village of Dobbs Ferry in the county of Westchester.
1640-o*2Residential parking system in the village of Mamaroneck in the county of Westchester.
1641Additional traffic regulations on all highways except state highways maintained by the state in cities and villages.
1642Additional traffic regulations in cities having a population in excess of one million.
1642-aBus permit system in cities having a population of one million or more.
1643Speed limits on highways in cities and villages.
1644Special speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures in cities and villages.
1645Exempting fuel oil trucks from use of truck routes in cities having a population in excess of one million.
1646Application of article.
   S 1640. Traffic  regulations  in  all  cities  and  villages.  (a) The
  legislative body of any city or village, with respect to highways (which
  term for the purposes of this section shall include private  roads  open
  to public motor vehicle traffic) in such city or village; subject to the
  limitations  imposed by section sixteen hundred eighty-four may by local
  law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation:
    1. Designate through highways and order stop signs,  flashing  signals
  or  yield  signs erected at specified entrances thereto or designate any
  intersection as a stop intersection or a yield  intersection  and  order
  like signs or signals at one or more entrances to such intersection.
    2.  Prohibit or regulate the turning of vehicles or specified types of
  vehicles at intersections or other designated locations.
    3. Regulate the crossing of any roadway by pedestrians.
    4. Designate any highway or any separate roadway thereof  for  one-way
  traffic.
    5.  Exclude  trucks,  commercial  vehicles,  tractors, tractor-trailer
  combinations,        tractor-semitrailer        combinations,         or
  tractor-trailer-semitrailer combinations from highways specified by such
  legislative  body.  Such exclusion shall not be construed to prevent the
  delivery or pickup of merchandise or other property along  the  highways
  from which such vehicles and combinations are otherwise excluded.
    6.  Prohibit,  restrict  or limit the stopping, standing or parking of
  vehicles; provided, however, that a vehicle may not be found  to  be  in
  violation  of  a  parking regulation if it is parked at a broken parking
  meter at a time when metered parking is authorized.
    7. Determine those highways or portions of  highways  which  shall  be
  marked  to  indicate where overtaking and passing or driving to the left
  of or crossing such markings would be especially hazardous in accordance
  with the standards, minimum warrants and sign or marking  specifications
  established by the department of transportation.
    8. Designate safety zones.
    9. Provide for the installation, operation, maintenance, policing, and
  supervision  of  parking  meters,  establish parking time limits at such
  meters, designate hours of operation of  such  meters,  and,  except  as
  provided  in  section  twelve  hundred  three-h of this chapter, fix and
  require the payment of fees applicable to parking where such meters  are
  in  operation.  Such  fees  shall  be  paid  to such city or village and
  credited to its general fund, unless a different disposition  prescribed
  by  local  law or ordinance enacted prior to or after the effective date
  of this section.
    10. Establish  a  system  of  truck  routes  upon  which  all  trucks,
  tractors,  and  tractor-trailer combinations having a total gross weight
  in excess of ten thousand pounds are permitted to travel and operate and
  excluding such vehicles and combinations from all highways except  those
  which  constitute  such  truck route system. Such exclusion shall not be
  construed to prevent the delivery or pick up  of  merchandise  or  other
  property  along  the  highways from which such vehicles and combinations
  are otherwise excluded. Any such system of truck  routes  shall  provide
  suitable  connection with all state routes entering or leaving such city
  or village.
    11. Regulate traffic by means of traffic-control signals.
    12. License, regulate or prohibit speed contests,  races,  exhibitions
  of  speed,  processions,  assemblages  or parades. Whenever such a speed
  contest, race, exhibition of speed,  procession,  assemblage  or  parade
  authorized  by a local authority will block the movement of traffic on a
  state highway maintained by the state, or on a  highway  which  connects
  two  state highways maintained by the state to make a through route, for
  a period in excess of ten minutes, such authority must,  prior  to  such
  blocking, provide and designate with conspicuous signs a detour adequate
  to prevent unreasonable delay in the movement of traffic on said highway
  maintained by the state.
    13.  Prohibit  or regulate the operation and the stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles in cemeteries and in public parks.
    14. Provide  for  the  removal  and  storage  of  vehicles  parked  or
  abandoned  on  highways during snowstorms, floods, fires or other public
  emergencies, or found unattended where they constitute an obstruction to
  traffic or any place where stopping, standing or parking is  prohibited,
  and  for  the payment of reasonable charges for such removal and storage
  by the owner or operator of any such vehicle.
    15. Provide for the establishment, operation, policing and supervision
  of a prepaid parking permit system, establishing parking time limits for
  such permits and fix and require  the  payment  of  fees  applicable  to
  parking where such a prepaid permit parking system is in operation. Such
  fees  shall  be  paid  to the city of Albany and credited to its general
  funds, unless  a  different  disposition  prescribed  by  local  law  is
  enacted.  A  prepaid parking permit system may not be established at any
  location at which parking  is  subject  to  a  parking  meter  fee.  The
  provisions  of  this  paragraph shall only be applicable for the city of
  Albany.
    16. Adopt such additional reasonable local laws,  ordinances,  orders,
  rules  and  regulations  with respect to traffic as local conditions may
  require subject to the limitations contained in the various laws of this
  state.
    17. Make special provisions with relation  to  stopping,  standing  or
  parking  of  vehicles registered pursuant to section four hundred four-a
  of this chapter or those possessing  a  special  vehicle  identification
  parking  permit  issued  in  accordance  with  section  one thousand two
  hundred three-a of this chapter.
    18. Declare a snow emergency and  designate  any  highway  or  portion
  thereof as a snow emergency route.
    19. Prohibit vehicles engaged in the retail sale of frozen desserts as
  that  term  is  defined  in  subdivision  thirty-seven  of section three
  hundred seventy-five  of  this  chapter  directly  to  pedestrians  from
  stopping  for  the purpose of such sales on any highway within such city
  or village, or on all such highways. Nothing herein shall  be  construed
  to  prohibit the operator of such vehicle from stopping such vehicle off
  of such highway, in a safe manner, for the sole  purpose  of  delivering
  such  retail  product  directly to the residence of a consumer or to the
  business address of a customer of such retailer.
    20. Exclude trucks,  commercial  vehicles,  tractors,  tractor-trailer
  combinations,         tractor-semitrailer        combinations,        or
  tractor-trailer-semitrailer combinations in  excess  of  any  designated
  weight,  designated  length,  designated height, or eight feet in width,
  from highways or set limits on hours of operation of  such  vehicles  on
  particular  city  or village highways or segments of such highways. Such
  exclusion shall not be construed to prevent the delivery  or  pickup  of
  merchandise  or  other  property  along  the  highways  from  which such
  vehicles or combinations are otherwise excluded.
    21. Serve notice of a violation of  any  provision  of  local  law  or
  ordinance  relating  to  the  prevention of noise pollution caused by an
  audible motor vehicle burglar alarm and over which the city  or  village
  has  jurisdiction  upon  the  owner  of a motor vehicle by affixing such
  notice to said vehicle in a conspicuous place.
    22. Prohibit  or  regulate  the  stopping,  standing  and  parking  of
  vehicles in designated areas reserved for public business at or adjacent
  to a government facility.
    (b)  Such  a legislative body also may by local law, ordinance, order,
  rule or regulation prohibit, restrict or limit the stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles upon property  owned  or  leased  by  such  city  or
  village.
    (c)  Each  such legislative body shall cause to be determined, for all
  bridges and elevated structures under its jurisdiction, the capacity  in
  tons  of  two  thousand pounds which the bridge or structure will safely
  carry. At bridges or structures of insufficient strength to carry safely
  the legal loads permissible by section three  hundred  eighty-five,  the
  legislative body of such city or village shall cause signs to be erected
  to inform persons of the safe capacity.
    (d)  Each  such  legislative  body  of a city or a village shall cause
  signs to be erected to inform persons of the  legal  overhead  clearance
  for  all  bridges and structures on highways under its jurisdiction. The
  legal clearance shall be one foot less than the measured clearance.  The
  measured  clearance  shall  be  the  minimum  height  to  the  bridge or
  structure measured vertically from the traveled portion of the  roadway.
  On  bridges  or  structures  having  fourteen  feet  or more of measured
  clearance, no such signs shall be required.
    (e) No legislative body of a city or a village  shall  enact  any  law
  that prohibits the use of sidewalks by persons with disabilities who use
  either a wheelchair or an electrically-driven mobility assistance device
  being operated or driven by such person.

   S 1640-a.  Traffic  regulations  at  parking  areas and  driveways of
  hospitals,  shopping  centers,  office  buildings  and  office  building
  complexes,  places  of  public  assembly,  facilities owned or leased by
  not-for-profit  corporations,  private  apartment  complexes  and   fire
  stations;  private  condominium complex; mobile home parks; manufactured
  home parks. The legislative body of any city or village, with respect to
  the parking areas and driveways of a  hospital  or  parking  area  of  a
  shopping center, office building and office building complex or place of
  public  assembly, or the parking areas and driveways of facilities owned
  or  leased  by  a  not-for-profit  corporation  or  the  parking  areas,
  driveways,  and private streets or roadways of a private apartment house
  complex, private condominium complex, or cooperative apartment  complex,
  or  the  parking areas, private streets, roadways or driveways of mobile
  home parks  or  manufactured  home  parks,  or  the  parking  areas  and
  driveways  of a fire station, and pursuant to the written request of the
  owner, the person in general charge of the operation and control of such
  area, the fire chief of the city  or  village  fire  department  or  the
  police chief or the police commissioner of the police department serving
  such area, may, by local law or ordinance:
    1.  Order  stop  signs,  flashing  signals  or  yield signs erected at
  specified entrance or exit locations to any such area or  designate  any
  intersection  in  such  area  as  a  stop  intersection  or  as  a yield
  intersection and order like signs or signals at one or more entrances to
  such intersection.
    2. Regulate traffic in any such area, including regulation by means of
  traffic-control signals.
    2-a.  Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of  section  sixteen   hundred
  forty-three  to the contrary, establish maximum speed limits in any such
  area at not less than fifteen miles per hour.
    3. Prohibit or regulate the turning of vehicles or specified types  of
  vehicles  at  intersections  or  other  designated locations in any such
  area.
    4.  Regulate  the  crossing  of  any  roadway  in  any  such  area  by
  pedestrians.
    5.  Designate  any  separate  roadway  in  any  such  area for one-way
  traffic.
    6. Prohibit, regulate, restrict or limit  the  stopping,  standing  or
  parking of vehicles in specified areas of any such area.
    7. Designate safety zones in any such area.
    8. Provide for the removal and storage of vehicles parked or abandoned
  in  any  such  area  during  snowstorms,  floods,  fires or other public
  emergencies, or found unattended  in  any  such  area,  (1)  where  they
  constitute  an obstruction to traffic or (2) where stopping, standing or
  parking is prohibited, and for the payment  of  reasonable  charges  for
  such removal and storage by the owner or operator of any such vehicle.
    9. Adopt such additional reasonable rules and regulations with respect
  to  traffic and parking in any such area as local conditions may require
  for the safety and convenience of the public or of the users of any such
  area.
    10. Make special provisions with relation  to  stopping,  standing  or
  parking  of  vehicles registered pursuant to section four hundred four-a
  of this chapter or those possessing  a  special  vehicle  identification
  parking  permit  issued  in  accordance  with  section  one thousand two
  hundred three-a of this chapter.
    In the case of a college or university, as defined in section  two  of
  the  education law, the provisions of this section shall apply only upon
  the written request of the governing body of such college or university.

   S 1640-b. Residential  parking  system in the Corn Hill section of the
  city of Rochester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the
  contrary,  the city council of the city of Rochester may, by adoption of
  a local law or ordinance,  provide  for  a  residential  parking  permit
  system  and  fix  and  require the payment of fees applicable to parking
  within the area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance
  with the provisions of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the Corn Hill neighborhood of the city of Rochester  which  shall
  mean  that area generally bounded by Ford Street, Exchange Boulevard and
  the Inner Loop.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing,  no  permit  shall  be  required  on
  streets  where  the  adjacent properties are zoned for commercial/retail
  use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system; and
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces with in the permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   S 1640-c. Residential   parking   system   in  the  city  of  Rye.  1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,  the  city
  council of the city of Rye may, by adoption of a local law or ordinance,
  provide  for a residential parking permit system and fix and require the
  payment of fees applicable to parking within  the  area  in  which  such
  parking  system  is  in effect in accordance with the provisions of this
  section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the area of the city of Rye which shall mean that area generally
  bounded on the westerly side, by Blind Brook and Milton Harbor;  on  the
  southerly  side,  by  Milton Point; on the easterly side, by Long Island
  Sound; and on the northerly side, by  the  northerly  side  of  Apawamis
  Avenue  as  extended  by  imaginary  lines  easterly  from  its point of
  intersection with Forest Avenue to Long Island Sound, and westerly  from
  its point of intersection with Milton Road to Blind Brook.
    3.  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing,  no  permit  shall be required on
  streets where the adjacent properties are  zoned  for  commercial/retail
  use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system; and
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces with in the permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the city.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   S 1640-d. Residential  parking  system in the village of Pelham in the
  county of Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any  law  to
  the  contrary,  the  village  board  of  the  village  of Pelham may, by
  adoption of a local law or ordinance, provide for a residential  parking
  permit  system  and  fix  and  require the payment of fees applicable to
  parking within the area in which such parking system  is  in  effect  in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the area of the village consisting of the following roadways:
    (a) the east side of Wolfs Lane, from Franklin Place to Boulevard;
    (b) the south side of Boulevard West, from Wolfs Lane to the  city  of
  Mount Vernon boundary;
    (c)  the  west  side  of  Fifth  Avenue, from Seventh Street to Willow
  Avenue;
    (d) both sides of NYAC Avenue, from Franklin Avenue to Second Street;
    (e) both sides of Corlies  Avenue,  from  Colonial  Avenue  to  Second
  Street;
    (f)  both  sides  of Pelhamdale Avenue, from Colonial Avenue to Irving
  Place;
    (g) both sides of Highbrook Avenue, from  Colonial  Avenue  to  Irving
  Place;
    (h) both sides of Boulevard, from Wolfs Lane to Highbrook Avenue.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than one hundred twenty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the village unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

  * S 1640-e. Residential parking system in the Tibbetts Brook Park and
  Yonkers  Raceway/Empire  City  areas  of  the  city   of   Yonkers.   1.
  Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of  any  law to the contrary, the city
  council of the city of Yonkers may,  by  adoption  of  a  local  law  or
  ordinance,  provide  for a residential parking permit system and fix and
  require the payment of fees applicable to parking  within  the  area  in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within:
    (a) the Tibbetts Brook Park area of the city of  Yonkers  which  shall
  mean  that  area  generally  bounded by Harrison Avenue proceeding south
  from Tibbetts Brook  Park  to  Alan  B.  Shepard  Place;  Tibbetts  Road
  proceeding  southerly from Tibbetts Brook Park to Alan B. Shepard Place;
  Sedgewick Avenue proceeding southerly from Tibbetts Brook Park  to  Alan
  B.  Shepard  Place;  Jervis  Road  between Harrison Avenue and Sedgewick
  Avenue and from the northern intersection of Sedgewick Avenue proceeding
  southerly along Jervis Road to the Alan B. Shepard Place line; and
    (b) the Yonkers Raceway/Empire  City  area  of  the  city  of  Yonkers
  consisting of the following roadways:
    (i) Belmont Avenue from Orient Street to Yonkers Avenue;
    (ii) Boone Street from Central Park Avenue to Dead End;
    (iii) Clark Street from Central Park Avenue to Orient Street;
    (iv) Loring Avenue from Central Park Avenue to Orient Street; and
    (v) Chamberlain Avenue from Belmont Avenue to Central Park Avenue.
    3.  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing,  no  permit  shall be required on
  streets where the adjacent properties are  zoned  for  commercial/retail
  use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system; and
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the  permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-e's

   * S 1640-e.  Residential  parking system in the city of Ithaca in the
  county of Tompkins. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to  the
  contrary, the common council of the city of Ithaca may, by adoption of a
  local  law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance  with  the
  provisions of this section.
    2.  Such residential parking permit system may only be established for
  public highways within the city, and exclusive of any  highways  located
  within Cornell University, as follows:
    (a)  in  the  area  bounded  by  the  following roadways and corporate
  boundaries:
    (i) East State Street from Cornell Street to Giles Street;
    (ii) Giles Street to Water Street;
    (iii) Water Street to East State Street;
    (iv) East State Street from Water Street to Seneca Way;
    (v) Seneca Way from East State Street to East Seneca Street;
    (vi) East Seneca Street from Seneca Way to Parker Street;
    (vii) Parker Street to Terrace Place;
    (viii) Terrace Place to Linn Street;
    (ix) Linn Street from East Court Street to University Avenue;
    (x) University Avenue from Linn Street to Willard Way;
    (xi) Willard Way from University Avenue to Stewart Avenue;
    (xii) Stewart Avenue  from  Willard  Way  to  the  corporate  boundary
  between the city of Ithaca and the village of Cayuga Heights;
    (xiii) following the corporate boundary between the city of Ithaca and
  the village of Cayuga Heights east to the corporate boundary between the
  city of Ithaca and the town of Ithaca;
    (xiv)  following the corporate boundary between the city of Ithaca and
  the town of Ithaca south to East State Street; and
    (xv) East State Street from the corporate boundary  to  Giles  Street;
  and
    (b) consisting of the following roadways:
    (i) Treva Avenue west of Water Street;
    (ii) Valentine Place south of East State Street;
    (iii) Quarry Street south of East State Street;
    (iv) Ferris Place south of East State Street;
    (v) Linn Street north of Terrace Place to Farm Street;
    (vi) Lake Street north of University Avenue to the north property line
  of tax map parcel 28-4-7; and
    (vii) Willard Way and Willard Way Loop north of University Avenue.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than one hundred twenty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and

    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant to this section until a pub-
  lic hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as required for pub-
  lic hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-e's

   * S 1640-f.  Residential parking permit system in the city of Beacon.
  1.  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to the contrary, the  city
  council  of  the  city  of  Beacon  may,  by  adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  area  of  the  city  of  Beacon consisting of the following
  roadways:  River Street, Ferry Street, Red Flynn Drive, West Main Street
  and Bank Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions of such streets where the adjacent  properties  are  zoned  for
  commercial/retail use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  permit system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  permit system;
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the  permit
  area  available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking of
  not less than ninety minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the city unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 3 S 1640-f's

   * S 1640-f. Residential  parking system in the city of Auburn in the
  county of Cayuga. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any  law  to  the
  contrary,  the  city council of the city of Auburn may, by adoption of a
  local law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit  system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area  in  which  such parking system is in effect in accordance with the
  provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within the area of the city consisting of the following roadways:
    Liberty  Street,  Cady  Street,  Lansing  Street,  Nelson Street, Park
  Avenue and Curtis Place, as well as Clark Street from  State  Street  to
  Green  Street, Court Street from Westlake Avenue to Genesee Street, Dill
  Street from Genesee Street to North Street,  East  Genesee  Street  from
  Market  Street  to  Fulton  Street, Franklin Street from Lewis Street to
  Mann Street, Genesee Street from Market Street to  Court  Street,  Green
  Street,  Lewis  Street  from  Franklin Street to an unnamed alley, Lewis
  Street from Grant Avenue to Seymour Street, Market Street, South  Street
  from  Genesee  Street  to  Loop  Road, Water Street, Genesee Street from
  Baker Avenue to Dunning Avenue/Columbus Street, and William Street  from
  Westlake Avenue to Genesee Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than ninety minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city unless otherwise specified in such ordinance.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 3 S 1640-f's

   * S 1640-f. Residential parking system in the village of Tarrytown. 1.
  Notwithstanding  the  provisions of any law to the contrary, the village
  board of trustees of the village of Tarrytown  may,  by  adoption  of  a
  local  law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance  with  the
  provisions of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the Miller Park neighborhood of the village  of  Tarrytown  which
  shall  mean  that  area  generally bounded on the easterly side by South
  Broadway; on the northerly side by Franklin Street; on the westerly side
  by Franklin Courts and the Metro-North Commuter Railroad tracks; and  on
  the  southerly  side  by  Church  Street. The residential parking permit
  system shall also apply on Hamilton Place, White Street, Cottage  Place,
  Wildey Street to Washington Street, Mechanics Avenue, Linden Place, Wood
  Court,  Hanford  Place, Central Avenue to Washington Street, Windle Park
  and Storm Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing,  no  permit  shall  be  required  on
  streets  where  the  adjacent properties are zoned for commercial/retail
  use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system; and
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the village.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted  pursuant to this action until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 3 S 1640-f's

  S 1640-g. Residential parking system in the village of Tuckahoe in the
  county  of  Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to
  the contrary, the village board of  the  village  of  Tuckahoe  may,  by
  adoption  of a local law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking
  permit system and fix and require the  payment  of  fees  applicable  to
  parking  within  the  area  in which such parking system is in effect in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within that area bounded by the following:
    (a)  the  southerly corporate boundary between the village of Tuckahoe
  and the village of Bronxville to Midland Avenue;
    (b) Midland Avenue to its intersection with Winter Hill Road;
    (c) Winter Hill Road from its intersection with Midland Avenue to  its
  intersection with Main Street;
    (d)  Marbledale Road from its intersection with Main Street to a point
  where it intersects with the northerly corporate  boundary  between  the
  village of Tuckahoe and the town of Eastchester;
    (e)  the  northerly corporate boundary between the village of Tuckahoe
  and the town of Eastchester to the westerly corporate  boundary  between
  the village of Tuckahoe and the city of Yonkers; and
    (f)  the  westerly  corporate boundary between the village of Tuckahoe
  and the city of Yonkers to the southerly corporate boundary between  the
  village of Tuckahoe and the village of Bronxville.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short-term parking  of
  not less than one hundred twenty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the village unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   * S 1640-h. Residential  parking system in the city of Peekskill. 1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to the  contrary,  the  common
  council  of  the  city  of  Peekskill may, by adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  area  of  the  city generally bounded on the north and west
  sides by South Street, on the south side by Bay Street and on  the  east
  side  by Smith Street and any and all streets and roads within that area
  including but not limited to those  portions  of  Grove  Street,  Hudson
  Avenue,  LaFayette  Place,  Simpson  Place  and Requa Street within that
  area, plus the portions of Bay Street and Requa Street  located  on  the
  east  side  of  Smith Street within one hundred feet of the east side of
  Smith Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing,  no  permit  shall  be  required  on
  streets  where  the  adjacent properties are zoned for commercial/retail
  use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system; and
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the city.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640's

   * S 1640-h. Residential  parking  system in the village of Cold Spring
  in the county of Putnam. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to
  the contrary, the village board of the village of Cold  Spring  may,  by
  adoption  of a local law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking
  permit system and fix and require the  payment  of  fees  applicable  to
  parking  within  the  area  in which such parking system is in effect in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  area of the village consisting of the following roadways on
  the west side of the metro north train station: Main Street, New Street,
  West Street, Fish Street and Market Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions of such streets where the adjacent  properties  are  zoned  for
  commercial/retail use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system;
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the  permit
  area  available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking of
  not less than one hundred twenty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the village unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-h's

   S 1640-i. Residential parking system in the village of Mt. Kisco. 1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to the contrary,  the  village
  board  of  trustees  of  the  village of Mt. Kisco may, by adoption of a
  local law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit  system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area  in  which  such parking system is in effect in accordance with the
  provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  area  of  the  village generally bounded by Gatto Drive and
  Highland Avenue on the South, Grove Street on the East, Carpenter Avenue
  and North Moger Avenue on the North, and Marion Avenue and Sands  Street
  on the West and any and all streets and roads within that area including
  but  not limited to those portions of Stewart Place, Britton Lane, Lieto
  Drive, Sarles Avenue, Dakin Avenue, Lundy Place, Oakridge Road, Hillview
  Circle, Green Street, South Moger Avenue, Brookside Avenue, Quaker  Hill
  Place, Maple Avenue, Manchester Drive, and Hillside Avenue.
    3.  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing,  no  permit  shall be required on
  streets or portion of streets where the adjacent  properties  are  zoned
  for commercial/retail use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system; and
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the  permit
  area  available to non-residents and shall provide short-term parking of
  not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the village.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted  pursuant to this action until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   * S 1640-j. Residential parking system in the Garrett Park area of the
  city  of  Yonkers.  1.  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to the
  contrary, the city council of the city of Yonkers may, by adoption of  a
  local  law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance  with  the
  provisions of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the Garrett Park area of the city of  Yonkers  which  shall  mean
  that  area  encompassing Palmer Road, from Parkview Avenue to Bronxville
  Road; Garrett Place; Parkview Avenue from Palmer Road  to  103  Parkview
  Avenue,   north  of  Pondfield  Road  West;  Pondfield  Road  West  from
  Bronxville Road to the Bronxville border and Gard Avenue from  Pondfield
  Road West to 19 Gard Avenue, north of Pondfield Road West.
    3.  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing,  no  permit  shall be required on
  streets where the adjacent properties are  zoned  for  commercial/retail
  use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system; and
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the  permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-j's

   * S 1640-j. Residential parking system in the village of Irvington. 1.
  Notwithstanding  the  provisions of any law to the contrary, the village
  board of trustees of the village of Irvington  may,  by  adoption  of  a
  local  law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system
  and fix and require the payment of fees applicable to parking within the
  area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance  with  the
  provisions of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the Main Street neighborhood of the village of  Irvington,  which
  shall mean that area generally bounded on the easterly side by North and
  South  Dearman Street; on the northerly side by Matthiessen Park; on the
  westerly side by North  and  South  Astor  Street  and  the  Metro-North
  Commuter Railroad tracks; and on the southerly side by Station Road.
    3.  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing,  no  permit  shall be required on
  streets where the adjacent properties are  zoned  for  commercial/retail
  use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system; and
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the  permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the village.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-j's

   S 1640-k. Residential parking permit system in the city of Rensselaer.
  1.  Notwithstanding  the provisions of any law to the contrary, the city
  council of the city of Rensselaer may, by adoption of  a  local  law  or
  ordinance,  provide  for a residential parking permit system and fix and
  require the payment of fees applicable to parking  within  the  area  in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2.  Such  residential  parking  permit  system may only be established
  within the area of the city of Rensselaer consisting  of  the  following
  streets:  Elm Street, East Street and Wendell Street.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  permit system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  permit system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of day and days of the week during which  permit
  requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than ninety minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the city of Rensselaer.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   S 1640-l. Residential  parking  system in the city of Binghamton. 1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,  the  city
  council  of  the  city  of Binghamton may, by adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within the area of the city consisting of the following roadways:
    (a) Pine Street, from Carroll Street to Liberty Street;
    (b) Henry Street, from Carroll Street to Liberty Street;
    (c) Fayette Street, from Court Street to Henry Street;
    (d) Carroll Street, from Court Street to Henry Street; and
    (e) Liberty Street, from Court Street to Henry Street.
    3.  Notwithstanding  any  other  provision  of this section, no permit
  shall be required on streets where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system; and
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the permit
  area available to non-residents and shall provide for short-term parking
  of not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the city.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   * S 1640-m. Pilot  residential  parking permit system in the city of
  Albany. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,
the city of Albany may, by adoption of a local law or ordinance, provide
  for  a residential parking permit system and fix and require the payment
  of fees applicable to parking within certain areas of  the  city  or  as
  delineated  by  the  common  council of the city of Albany in accordance
  with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  areas  of  the city of Albany described as follows: an area
  within three-quarters of a mile radius  of  the  Nelson  A.  Rockefeller
  Empire  State  Plaza.  The  permitted  streets within this area shall be
  described in a local law or ordinance adopted by the common  council  of
  the city of Albany pursuant to this section.
    3.  Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no permit shall be
  required  on  streets  where  the  adjacent  properties  are  zoned  for
  commercial, office and/or retail use.
    4.  The local law providing for such residential parking permit system
  shall:
    a. Set forth the specific factors which necessitate the implementation
  of said system and shall include, but not be  limited  to,  findings  of
  facts  as  to  the existence of such traffic hazards, congestion and air
  and noise pollution within any such areas;
    b. Provide that motor vehicles registered  pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    c. Provide the times of the day and the days of the week during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    d.  Make  not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the permit
  area or areas available to nonresidents which shall  provide  short-term
  parking  of  not  less  than  ninety minutes in duration in such area or
  areas;
    e. Make not  more  than  two  thousand  seven  hundred  fifty  of  the
  approximately nine thousand residential spaces within the permit area or
  areas available for residential parking by permit;
    f.  Provide  the  schedule of fees to be paid for residential permits;
  and
    g. Provide that such fees shall be credited to the general fund of the
  city of Albany.
    5. No local law or ordinance shall be adopted pursuant to this section
  until a public hearing thereon has been held by the  common  council  of
  the  city  of  Albany  concerning the designation of the certain area or
  areas in which said parking permit system is to be implemented.
    * NB Expires and deemed Repealed 4 years after the implementation of a
  local law or ordinance adopted by the city of Albany.

* S 1640-n. Residential parking system in the village of Bronxville in
  the  county of Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law
  to the contrary, the village board of the village of Bronxville may,  by
  adoption  of a local law or ordinance, provide for a residential parking
  permit system and fix and require the  payment  of  fees  applicable  to
  parking  within  the  area  in which such parking system is in effect in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit system may only be  established  in
  the  village  of Bronxville within the area of the village consisting of
  the following roadways:
    (a) Kensington road, from Pondfield road to Oval court;
    (b) Sagamore road, from Pondfield road to the village line;
    (c) Valley road, from Pondfield road to Prescott avenue;
    (d) Garden avenue;
    (e) Dewitt avenue;
    (f) Paxton avenue, from Parkway road to Palmer avenue.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions of such streets where the adjacent  properties  are  zoned  for
  commercial/retail use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system;
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c)  provide  the  times  of the day and days of the week during which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the  permit
  area  available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the village of Bronxville unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No local law or ordinance shall be adopted pursuant to this section
  until  the  village  board  of  the  village of Bronxville has adopted a
  finding that the three public parking lots abutting Kensington Road  and
  adjacent  to  the  Metro-North  train  station  within  the  village  of
  Bronxville, Westchester county will  be  closed  or  otherwise  be  made
  unavailable  for  public  parking, that approximately one hundred eighty
  vehicles will be displaced from such parking lots and that a residential
  parking system would be in the public interest; and a public hearing  on
  such  ordinance  has  been had in the same manner as required for public
  hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.
    * NB Repealed January 1, 2017

  * S 1640-o. Residential parking system in the village of Dobbs Ferry
  in the county of Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions  of  any
  law  to  the  contrary,  the village board of the village of Dobbs Ferry
  may, by adoption of a local law or ordinance, provide for a  residential
  parking permit system and fix and require the payment of fees applicable
  to  parking within the area in which such parking system is in effect in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit system may only be  established  in
  the  village of Dobbs Ferry within the area of the village consisting of
  the following roadways:
    (a) Oak street, from Broadway to Main street;
    (b) Elm street, from Broadway to Main street;
    (c) Chestnut street, from Broadway to Main street;
    (d) Walnut street, from Broadway to Livingston avenue;
    (e) Hatch terrace, from Broadway to Walnut street;
    (f) Palisade street, from Cedar street to Chestnut street;
    (g) Riverside place;
    (h) Cedar street, from Main  street  to  a  point  750  feet  west  of
  Palisade street;
    (i) The portion of Draper lane owned by the village of Dobbs Ferry.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial, office and/or retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the village of Dobbs Ferry unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.
    *  NB Repealed January 1, 2018
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-o's

 * S 1640-o. Residential parking system in the village of Mamaroneck in
  the  county of Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law
  to the contrary, the board of trustees of the village of Mamaroneck may,
  by adoption of a local law  or  ordinance,  provide  for  a  residential
  parking permit system and fix and require the payment of fees applicable
  to  parking within the area in which such parking system is in effect in
  accordance with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within the area of the village consisting of the following roadways:
    (a) Union Avenue, from Halstead Avenue to Tompkins Avenue;
    (b) Melbourne Avenue, from Halstead Avenue to Tompkins Avenue;
    (c) Hinman Place, from Melbourne Avenue to Union Avenue;
    (d) Anita Lane, from Union Avenue to the dead end;
    (e) Valley Place, from Ward Avenue to the dead end;
    (f) Ward Avenue, from Union Avenue to Spencer Place;
    (g) Stanley Avenue, from Mt. Pleasant Avenue to Fenimore Road;
    (h) Waverly Avenue, from Plaza Avenue to Mamaroneck Avenue;
    (i) Center Avenue, from Plaza Avenue to Old White Plains Road;
    (j) Madison Street, from Plaza Avenue to Old White Plains Road;
    (k) Washington Street, from Plaza Avenue to Old White Plains Road;
    (l) Grand Street, from Plaza Avenue to Old White Plains Road, and from
  Old White Plains Road to Mamaroneck Avenue;
    (m)  Alling  Street  and Pelham Street, from Grand Street to Old White
  Plains Road;
    (n) New Street, from Old White Plains Road to Mamaroneck Avenue;
    (o) Willow Street, from Jefferson Avenue to the dead end;
    (p) Jefferson Avenue, from Jefferson Street to Cedar Street;
    (q) Grade Street, from Jefferson Avenue to the dead end;
    (r) the north-west side of Bishop Avenue, from the  north-west  corner
  of the property line of 420 Mount Pleasant Avenue to Fenimore Road.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the village of Mamaroneck unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No local law or ordinance shall be adopted pursuant to this section
  until a public hearing on such ordinance has been had in the same manner
  as required for public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal
  home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.
    * NB There are 2 S 1640-o's

    S 1641. Additional  traffic  regulations  on all highways except state
  highways maintained by the state in cities and villages. In addition  to
  the  other  powers  granted by this article, the legislative body of any
  city or village with respect to highways (which term for the purposes of
  this section shall include private roads open to  public  motor  vehicle
  traffic) in such city or village except state highways maintained by the
  state, may by local law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation:
    1.  Prohibit,  restrict  or  regulate the operation of vehicles on any
  controlled-access highway or the use of any controlled-access highway by
  any vehicle, device moved by human power or pedestrian.
    2. Authorize angle parking on any roadway.
    3. Upon a roadway which is divided  into  three  lanes,  allocate  the
  center lane exclusively for traffic moving in a specified direction.
    4. Order signs erected directing slow-moving traffic, trucks, buses or
  specified  types  of  vehicles  to use a designated lane, or with signs,
  signals or markings designate those lanes to be used by  traffic  moving
  in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway.
    5. Designate a portion of a slope as a path for the use of bicycles.
    6.  Order  signs or markings to identify the portion of the highway to
  be used for bicycle travel.
    7. Prohibit,  restrict  or  regulate  the  operation  of  limited  use
  vehicles on any street or highway.
    8.  Designate preferential use lanes for specified types or classes of
  vehicles.

   S 1642. Additional  traffic  regulations in cities having a population
  in excess of one million. (a) In addition to the other powers granted by
  this article, the legislative body of any city having  a  population  in
  excess  of  one  million,  may  by  local  law,  ordinance, order, rule,
  regulation or health  code  provision  prohibit,  restrict  or  regulate
  traffic  on  or  pedestrian  use  of  any  highway  (which term, for the
  purposes of this section, shall include any private road open to  public
  motor  vehicle  traffic) in such city. The provisions of section sixteen
  hundred shall be applicable to  such  local  laws,  ordinances,  orders,
  rules,  regulations, and health code provisions, provided, however, that
  such local laws, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations and health  code
  provisions   shall  supersede  the  provisions  of  this  chapter  where
  inconsistent or in conflict with respect  to  the  following  enumerated
  subjects:
    1. Weights and dimensions of vehicles.
    2. Parking, standing, stopping and backing of vehicles.
    3.  The  prohibition  or  regulation  of  the  use  of  any highway by
  particular vehicles or classes or types  thereof  or  devices  moved  by
  human power.
    4.  Charging of tolls, taxes, fees, licenses or permits for the use of
  the highway or any  of  its  parts,  where  the  imposition  thereof  is
  authorized by law.
    5. Establishment of minimum speed limits at which vehicles may proceed
  on or along such highways.
    6. Operation of authorized emergency vehicles.
    7. Control of persons and equipment engaged in work on the highway.
    8. Hitchhiking and commercial activities.
    9.  Use  of  medial  strips  and dividing malls or sections and use of
  shoulders of the highway.
    10. Right of way of vehicles and pedestrians.
    11. Use of the highway by pedestrians, equestrians and animals.
    12. Turning of vehicles.
    13. Regulation of the direction of the movement of traffic and the use
  of traffic lanes.
    14. Regulation  of  the  use  of  horns,  lights  and  other  required
  equipment of vehicles.
    15. Towing and pushing of vehicles, including, but not limited to, the
  establishment  of  minimum  insurance  levels  for and the licensing and
  regulation of persons engaged in the business of towing, and the  fixing
  of maximum charges to be made by such persons for the towing and storage
  of disabled vehicles.
    16. Objects projecting or hanging outside or on the top of vehicles.
    17. Entering and driving off the highway, its roadways, medial strips,
  dividing malls and shoulders.
    18.   The   prohibition   or  regulation  of  speed  contests,  races,
  exhibitions of speed, processions or parades.
    19. Littering the highway.
    20. Vehicles  illegally  parked,  stopped  or  standing,  or  vehicles
  involved  in  accidents,  including, but not limited to, the removal and
  storage of such vehicles, the fixing of reasonable charges, to  be  paid
  by  the  owner,  operator  or  person  entitled  to possession, for such
  removal and storage  and  for  other  expenses  incurred  in  connection
  therewith,  the  creation of liens on such vehicles for such charges and
  expenses, the enforcement of such liens, the determination of  ownership
  or  right  to possession of such vehicles, the time before such vehicles
  are  deemed  abandoned  vehicles  pursuant  to  section  twelve  hundred
  twenty-four  of  this  chapter,  and  the disposition of the proceeds of
  sales held pursuant to said section.
    21.   Transportation   of   combustibles,    chemicals,    explosives,
  inflammables,  or  other  dangerous  substances,  articles, compounds or
  mixtures, including, but not limited to, dangerous articles, as  defined
  in section three hundred eighty of this chapter.
    22. Traffic signal legend applicable to pedestrians and use of arrows.
    23.  Prohibit,  restrict  or  regulate  the  operation  of limited use
  vehicles on any street or highway.
    24. Prohibition of the operation  of  motorcycles  during  the  period
  between  nine post meridian through eight ante meridian along designated
  streets or parts of streets on which the properties fronting thereon are
  zoned for residential uses. Provided that  notice  of  such  prohibition
  shall  be given by the posting of suitable signs at the entrance to each
  such street or part thereof and that no such prohibition shall apply  to
  a  motorcycle  being  operated  thereon  for  the purpose or as a direct
  incident of law enforcement; crime prevention; detection; prevention  or
  relief of any condition which may threaten the health, safety or welfare
  of persons or property; or direct travel to or from employment.
    25.  Parking, standing and stopping of vehicles registered pursuant to
  section four hundred four-a  of  this  chapter  or  those  possessing  a
  special  vehicle identification parking permit issued in accordance with
  section one thousand two hundred three-a of this chapter.
    26. (a) Establishment of maximum speed limits below twenty-five  miles
  per  hour  at  which  motor  vehicles may proceed on or along designated
  highways within such city  for  the  explicit  purpose  of  implementing
  traffic  calming  measures  as  such  term  is defined herein; provided,
  however, that no speed limit shall be set below fifteen miles  per  hour
  nor  shall  such  speed  limit  be established where the traffic calming
  measure to be implemented consists solely of  a  traffic  control  sign.
  Establishment  of  such  a  speed  limit  shall, where applicable, be in
  compliance with the provisions of sections sixteen  hundred  twenty-four
  and  sixteen  hundred  eighty-four  of  this  chapter. Nothing contained
  herein shall be deemed to alter or affect the  establishment  of  school
  speed  limits  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of section sixteen hundred
  forty-three of  this  article.  For  the  purposes  of  this  paragraph,
  "traffic  calming  measures" shall mean any physical engineering measure
  or measures that reduce the negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter
  driver behavior and improve conditions for  non-motorized  street  users
  such as pedestrians and bicyclists.
    (b) Any city establishing maximum speed limits below twenty-five miles
  per  hour  pursuant  to  clause  (i) of this subparagraph shall submit a
  report to the governor, the temporary president of the  senate  and  the
  speaker  of  the  assembly on or before March first, two thousand two on
  the results of using traffic calming measures  and  speed  limits  lower
  than  twenty-five  miles  per hour as authorized by this paragraph. Such
  report shall include, but not be limited to the following:
    (i) a description of the designated  highways  where  traffic  calming
  measures and a lower speed limit were established and
    (ii)  a  description of the specific traffic calming measures used and
  the maximum speed limit established.
    (b) The police commissioner of any such city may,  in  any  emergency,
  suspend  within  such  city  or  any  part  thereof,  for  a  period  of
  forty-eight hours, any provision of title seven of this chapter  or  any
  local law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this
  article.  In  the  event of any such suspension, the police commissioner
  shall forthwith give notice thereof to the official, board or agency  of
  such  city  having  jurisdiction  to  promulgate  traffic regulations in
  relation to any place affected by such suspension.

  S 1642-a.  Bus  permit  system  in  cities having a population of one
  million or more. 1. For the purposes  of  this  section,  the  following
  terms shall have the following meanings:
    a.  "Charter  bus"  shall  mean  a  bus  transporting  passengers  for
  compensation in chartered party.
    b. "Chartered party" shall mean a group of persons who, pursuant to  a
  common  purpose  and under a single contract and at a fixed charge, have
  acquired exclusive use of a bus to travel  together  as  a  group  to  a
  specific destination or for a particular itinerary either agreed upon in
  advance or modified after having left the place of origin by such group.
    c.  "Community  board"  shall  mean  a  community  board as defined in
  section twenty-eight hundred of the New York city charter.
    d. "Intercity bus" shall mean a bus that transports the general public
  between a city having a population  of  one  million  or  more  and  any
  location  outside  of  such  city  in  scheduled  bus service. Provided,
  however, that such term shall  not  include  a  school  bus;  or  a  bus
  providing public transportation; or a charter bus.
    e.  "Metropolitan transportation authority" shall mean the corporation
  created by section twelve hundred sixty-three of the public  authorities
  law.
    f. "Public transportation" shall mean:
    (i) mass transportation services provided to the general public by any
  public benefit corporation constituting a transportation authority, or a
  subsidiary thereof, or any public transportation corporation constituted
  as  an  instrumentality of a state, or a subsidiary thereof, directly or
  through a contact with another entity, or
    (ii) mass transportation services provided to the  general  public  by
  any  county,  city,  town or village directly or through a contract with
  another entity pursuant to section one hundred nineteen-r of the general
  municipal law, or provided to the general public by another state or any
  county, city, town or village in a state other than New York directly or
  through a contract with another entity pursuant to a similar law of such
  other state.
    2. Notwithstanding any provision of law  to  the  contrary,  any  city
  having  a population of one million or more may prohibit intercity buses
  from loading or unloading passengers on streets within such city  except
  on  designated  streets  and  at  designated  locations  on such streets
  pursuant to a permit in accordance with the provisions of this section.
    3. The mayor of such city which acts pursuant to  subdivision  two  of
  this  section shall designate an agency to promulgate rules to implement
  this section. Such city agency shall promulgate such rules  which  shall
  comply  with chapter forty-five of the New York city charter including a
  public hearing. Such rules shall:
    a.  Establish  a  system  of  permits  for  allocating  locations   on
  designated streets where intercity buses may load and unload passengers,
  and  prohibit  loading  and  unloading  of passengers other than at such
  designated locations on such designated streets pursuant to a permit;
    b. Require the owner or operator of an  intercity  bus  to  submit  an
  application  for  a  permit  for  each proposed location for loading and
  unloading of passengers. Such application shall  include  the  following
  information:
    (i)  The  name,  address,  telephone  number, e-mail address and motor
  carrier number of the intercity bus owner or operator, the United States
  department of transportation number and/or New York state department  of
  transportation  number  for  each  bus  that  would  use  such  proposed
  location;
    (ii) A proposed location or locations to  be  used  by  the  specified
  intercity  buses  for  loading  or unloading passengers, and two or more
  alternative proposed locations;
    (iii)  The  number  of  intercity  buses  that  would use the proposed
  location or locations;
    (iv) The number of passengers anticipated for each such intercity bus;
    (v) The proposed intercity bus schedule;
    (vi) The planned garage or parking location  of  the  intercity  buses
  during periods when such buses are not being used; and
    (vii)  Any  other  information deemed necessary by the commissioner of
  the city agency designated pursuant to this subdivision.
    c. Establish criteria for assigning locations  to  permit  applicants,
  which  shall  include traffic and safety considerations, the preferences
  of the  applicant,  consultation  with  the  local  community  board  as
  provided  in  paragraph  b of subdivision four of this section and other
  criteria deemed appropriate by the commissioner of such city agency;
    d. Provide that such permit shall be issued for a term of up to  three
  years,  except that such city may relocate a designated location for the
  loading and unloading of passengers by an  intercity  bus,  upon  ninety
  days  notice  to  the holder of a permit and after consultation with the
  local community board as provided in paragraph b of subdivision four  of
  this  section,  pursuant  to the criteria established in accordance with
  paragraph c of this subdivision;
    e. Include criteria under which  intercity  bus  owners  or  operators
  assigned  a  designated  location  for  loading and unloading passengers
  prior to the effective date of this section shall be issued a permit  to
  use  such  location  for  the  loading and unloading of passengers for a
  period of up to three years from the effective date of this section;
    f. Establish  a  timeframe  of  up  to  one  hundred  fifty  days  for
  determinations  on  permit applications, and a process for reviewing the
  determination on the application;
    g. Require intercity bus owners  or  operators  to  notify  such  city
  agency of changes to information provided in such permit application;
    h.  Require intercity bus owners or operators to prominently display a
  copy of the permit in each intercity bus;
    i. Require the posting of all approved applications on a  website  for
  public access by such city agency within thirty days of approval;
    j.  Include  such  other requirements as are deemed appropriate by the
  commissioner of such city agency;
    k. Set forth a schedule of fines or civil penalties for violations  of
  the  rules  by  owners  or  operators  of intercity buses, including for
  loading or unloading passengers on a city street without a permit or for
  failure to comply with any permit requirements or restrictions, provided
  that such fines or civil penalties shall not be more than  one  thousand
  dollars  for  a  first violation, and not be more than two thousand five
  hundred dollars for a second or subsequent violation within two years of
  the first violation; and
    1. Provide for the suspension or revocation of a permit for failure to
  comply with any permit requirements or restrictions.
    Such rules also may provide for the imposition of an  annual  fee  for
  such  permit to cover administrative expenses, not to exceed two hundred
  seventy-five dollars per vehicle.
    4. The city agency designated pursuant to subdivision  three  of  this
  section to promulgate rules shall:
    a.  Have  the  authority  to designate streets and locations where the
  loading  or  unloading  of  passengers  by  intercity  buses  shall   be
  permitted;
    b.   Consult   with   the  local  community  board  for  the  district
  encompassing the location to be designated in a  permit,  including  but
  not  limited to a notice and comment period of forty-five days, prior to
  the issuance or permanent amendment of such permit;
    c.  Consult  with  the  metropolitan  transportation  authority when a
  proposed location  or  relocation  for  the  loading  and  unloading  of
  passengers   by   an  intercity  bus  would  overlap  with  an  existing
  metropolitan transportation authority bus stop;
    d. Consult with the port authority of New York and New Jersey  when  a
  proposed  location  or  relocation  for  the  loading  and  unloading of
  passengers by an intercity bus  would  overlap  with  an  existing  port
  authority of New York and New Jersey bus facility.
    e.  Post  all  locations  designated  for the loading and unloading of
  passengers by intercity bus on a website for public access within thirty
  days of approval; and
    f. Have the authority to temporarily amend any approved location for a
  period of up to ninety days  for  reasons  of  public  safety  or  other
  emergency  or  temporary  need as determined by such city agency without
  prior consultation with the local community board;  provided  that  such
  city agency informs the affected community board in writing no more than
  thirty days after any such temporary amendment.
    5.  Notwithstanding  any  other provision of law, in addition to those
  persons otherwise authorized to enforce any rules  promulgated  pursuant
  to  this  section  and adjudicate violations thereof pursuant to article
  two-A or two-B of this chapter, this section shall also  be  enforceable
  by  an  agency  or  agencies designated for such purpose by the mayor of
  such city, and notices of violation issued by such  agency  or  agencies
  shall  be  returnable  to  the environmental control board of such city,
  which shall  have  the  power  to  impose  the  civil  penalties  herein
  provided. All proceedings before the environmental control board and any
  enforcement   proceedings   shall   be   conducted  in  accordance  with
  subdivision d of section one thousand forty-nine-a of the New York  city
  charter  and  the  rules of the environmental control board, except that
  service of a notice of violation of any  rule  promulgated  pursuant  to
  this section shall be made on the owner or operator of the intercity bus
  involved  in  the  violation (i) in the same manner as is prescribed for
  service of process by article three of the civil practice law and  rules
  or  article  three  of  the business corporation law; (ii) by delivering
  such notice to the operator of the intercity bus, and mailing a copy  of
  the  notice to the owner or operator of the intercity bus, provided that
  proof of such service shall be  filed  with  the  environmental  control
  board  within  twenty days, and service shall be complete ten days after
  such filing; or (iii) by affixing such notice to the intercity bus,  and
  mailing  a  copy of the notice to the owner or operator of the intercity
  bus, provided that proof  of  such  service  shall  be  filed  with  the
  environmental  control  board  within  twenty days, and service shall be
  complete ten days  after  such  filing.  Civil  penalties  may  also  be
  recovered   in   a   proceeding   commenced  in  a  court  of  competent
  jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any other provision  of  law,  such  civil
  penalties imposed by such environmental control board shall be paid into
  the  general  fund  of  such  city.  Notwithstanding section one hundred
  fifty-five of this chapter or any other provision of law, where a person
  has been adjudicated  to  be  in  violation  of  any  rules  promulgated
  pursuant  to  subdivision three of this section, such adjudication shall
  not have the force and effect of a conviction of a traffic infraction or
  of a violation of any provision of this  chapter  for  any  purpose  not
  specified in this section.
    
   S 1643. Speed  limits  on  highways  in  cities  and  villages.  The
  legislative body of any city or village with respect to highways  (which
  term  for  the purposes of this section shall include private roads open
  to public motor vehicle traffic) in such city  or  village,  other  than
  state  highways  maintained  by  the  state  on  which the department of
  transportation shall have established higher or lower speed limits  than
  the  statutory  fifty-five  miles  per  hour  speed limit as provided in
  section  sixteen  hundred  twenty,  or  on  which  the   department   of
  transportation shall have designated that such city or village shall not
  establish any maximum speed limit as provided in section sixteen hundred
  twenty-four,  subject  to  the  limitations  imposed  by section sixteen
  hundred  eighty-four  may  by  local  law,  ordinance,  order,  rule  or
  regulation  establish maximum speed limits at which vehicles may proceed
  within such city or village, within designated areas  of  such  city  or
  village  or  on or along designated highways within such city or village
  higher or lower than the fifty-five miles  per  hour  maximum  statutory
  limit. No such speed limit applicable throughout such city or village or
  within  designated areas of such city or village shall be established at
  less than thirty miles per hour. No such speed limit  applicable  on  or
  along   designated  highways  within  such  city  or  village  shall  be
  established at less than twenty-five miles per hour, except that  school
  speed limits may be established at not less than fifteen miles per hour,
  for  a distance not to exceed one thousand three hundred twenty feet, on
  a highway passing a school  building,  entrance  or  exit  of  a  school
  abutting on the highway and except that within the cities of Buffalo and
  Rochester speed limits may be established at not less than fifteen miles
  per hour for any portion of a highway within a city park.

  S 1644. Special  speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures
  in cities and villages. The legislative body of any city or village  may
  determine  the  maximum speed which may be maintained without structural
  damage on bridges and elevated structures in such city or  village,  and
  if  such  maximum  speed is lower than the maximum speed limit otherwise
  applicable, subject  to  the  limitations  imposed  by  section  sixteen
  hundred  eighty-four,  may  by  local  law,  ordinance,  order,  rule or
  regulation establish such lower maximum speed limits at  which  vehicles
  may proceed on such bridge or structure.

  S 1645. Exempting  fuel  oil trucks from use of truck routes in cities
  having a population in excess of one million. No ordinance, order,  rule
  or  regulation  made  by  the  legislative  body  of  any  city having a
  population in excess of one million shall require any fuel oil truck  to
  use  a designated truck route while such fuel oil truck is being used to
  make deliveries to a heating oil customer or is returning to  the  place
  of business of the owner of such fuel oil truck immediately after having
  made a delivery to a heating oil customer.

  S 1646. Application  of  article.  This  article  shall not apply with
  respect  to  state  highways  maintained  by   the   state   which   are
  controlled-access  highways  outside  of  cities  having a population in
  excess of one million, nor to highways under the jurisdiction of the New
  York state thruway authority, a regional state park commission, a county
  park commission, a parkway authority, a bridge authority,  or  a  bridge
  and  tunnel  authority,  except  that  this  article  shall apply to any
  portion of the New York state thruway that  is  located  within  a  city
  having a population in excess of one million.

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