New York State Law

A comprehensive on-line digest of New York's criminal code.

This section contains a Felony Sentencing Guideline from New York's Penal Law

Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Selected articles from the NY Civil Rights Law and NY Navigation Law are also located here.

New York State Law Search

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New York State Felony Classes and Sentences

All Felonies range in classification from 'A' to 'E' with the 'A' crimes as the most serious. The following felony class chart is a general sentence classification it does not account for prior criminal history. One with prior felony convictions are treated with an increased minimum and maximum sentence.
Offense Sentence
'A' Violent Felony Life, 20-25 years
'B' Violent Felony 5-25 years
'B' Non Violent Felony 1-3, Max 25 years
'C' Violent Felony 3 1/2 to 15 years
'C' Non Violent Felony No Jail, Probation, 1-2 years to 15 years
'D' Violent Felony 2-7 years
'D' Non Violent Felony No Jail, Probation, 1-3 to 7 years
'E' Violent Felony No Jail, Probation, 1 1/2 to 4 years
'E' Non Violent Felony No Jail, Probation, 1 1/3 to 4 years

This is general information only and should be considered a ROUGH GUIDE.

Refer to NYS Penal Law Article 70 - Sentences of Imprisonment for details.
Many factors are involved in sentencing. Such as Prior Convictions, Non-Violent Predicate, Violent Predicate, Persistent Felony Offender, Juvenile Offender, Youthful Offender and many others. Drug offenses are subject to punishments that may not be reflected in this basic sentencing chart.


  • Prior ConvictionPrior Convictions - If a person has no prior felony convictions or no felony convictions within the last ten years.
  • Non Violent PredicateNon-Violent Predicate - A person has a previous non-violent felony conviction within the last ten years.
  • Violent PredicateViolent Predicate - A person has a previous violent felony conviction within the last ten years.
  • Felony OffenderPersistent Felony Offender - If a person has two or more previous felony convictions then he/she may be considered a persistent felony offender and may be sentenced to life in prison.
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