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Vehicle and Traffic Law

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Article 41 - NY Vehicle and Traffic Law

REGULATION OF TRAFFIC BY TOWNS

Section Description
1660Traffic regulation in all towns.
1660-aTraffic regulations at parking areas and driveways of hospitals, shopping centers, office buildings and office building complexes, places of public assembly, private apartment complexes, fire stations, private condominium complexes, mobile home parks, manufactured home parks, industrial parks and industrial complexes.
1662Additional traffic regulations in towns in the county of Suffolk.
1662-aSpeed limits in certain towns.
1662-bResidential parking system in the town of Eastchester in the county of Westchester.
1662-cResidential parking system in the town of Harrison.
1662-dResidential parking system in the town of Mamaroneck.
1662-eResidential parking system in the town of Hempstead.
1663Special speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures.
1664Application of article.
 S 1660. Traffic  regulation  in  all  towns. (a) The town board of any
  town with respect to highways outside of villages in any such town,  but
  not including state highways maintained by the state except with respect
  to  subdivisions  six,  eight,  nine and ten, subject to the limitations
  imposed by section sixteen hundred eighty-four may by ordinance,  order,
  rule or regulation:
    1.  Designate  county  roads and town highways as through highways and
  order stop signs, flashing signals or  yield  signs  erected  on  county
  roads  or  town highways at specified entrances to such through highways
  or designate any intersection except those where one  or  more  entering
  highways  is  a  state  highway  maintained  by  the  state  as  a  stop
  intersection or a yield intersection and order like signs or signals  at
  one or more entrances to such intersections.
    2.  Upon  a  roadway  which  is divided into three lanes, allocate the
  center lane exclusively for traffic moving in a specified direction.
    3. Order signs erected directing slow-moving traffic, trucks, buses or
  specified types of vehicles to use a designated  lane,  or  with  signs,
  signals  or  markings designate those lanes to be used by traffic moving
  in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway.
    4. Determine those highways or portions of  highways  which  shall  be
  marked  to  indicate where overtaking and passing or driving to the left
  of or crossing such markings would be especially hazardous in accordance
  with the standards, minimum warrants and sign or marking  specifications
  established by the department of transportation.
    5. Regulate traffic by means of traffic-control signals.
    6.   (i)   License,   regulate  or  prohibit  speed  contests,  races,
  exhibitions of speed, processions,  assemblages,  or  parades.  Whenever
  such  a speed contest, race, exhibition of speed, procession, assemblage
  or parade authorized by a local authority will  block  the  movement  of
  traffic  on  a  state  highway  maintained by the state, or on a highway
  which connects two state highways maintained by  the  state  to  make  a
  through  route,  for  a  period in excess of ten minutes, such authority
  must, prior to such blocking, provide  and  designate  with  conspicuous
  signs a detour adequate to prevent unreasonable delay in the movement of
  traffic on said state highway maintained by the state.
    (ii)  Prohibit  vehicles engaged in retail sales of frozen desserts as
  that term is  defined  in  subdivision  thirty-seven  of  section  three
  hundred  seventy-five  of  this  chapter  directly  to  pedestrians from
  stopping for the purpose of such sales on any highway within  such  town
  or  on  all such highways. Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit
  the operator of such vehicle from stopping  such  vehicle  off  of  such
  highway,  in  a  safe  manner,  for  the sole purpose of delivering such
  retail product directly to  the  residence  of  a  consumer  or  to  the
  business address of a customer of such retailer.
    7.  Prohibit  or  regulate the operation and the stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles in cemeteries and in public parks.
    8. Provide for the removal and storage of vehicles parked or abandoned
  on  highways  during  snowstorms,  floods,   fires   or   other   public
  emergencies, or found unattended where they constitute an obstruction to
  traffic  or  any place where stopping, standing or parking is prohibited
  and for the payment of reasonable charges for such removal  and  storage
  by the owner or operator of any such vehicle.
    9.  Provide for the installation, operation, maintenance, policing and
  supervision of parking meters, establish parking  time  limits  at  such
  meters,  designate  hours  of  operation  of such meters, and, except as
  provided in section twelve hundred three-h  of  this  chapter,  fix  and
  require the payment of a fee applicable to parking where such meters are
  in  operation.  The  town board of any town may exercise these powers on
  behalf and at the expense of a public parking district with  respect  to
  highways outside of villages but within such public parking district, in
  which  event  the  fees  from  such  parking meters shall belong to such
  district,  and  the  cost  of  operation  and  maintenance thereof shall
  thereafter be borne by such public parking district.
    10. Establish  a  system  of  truck  routes  upon  which  all  trucks,
  tractors,  and  tractor-trailer combinations having a total gross weight
  in excess of ten thousand pounds are permitted to travel and operate and
  excluding such vehicles and combinations from all highways except  those
  which  constitute  such  truck route system. Such exclusion shall not be
  construed to prevent the delivery or  pickup  of  merchandise  or  other
  property  along  the  highways from which such vehicles and combinations
  are otherwise excluded. Any such system of truck  routes  shall  provide
  suitable connection with all state routes entering or leaving such town.
    11.  Temporarily  exclude  from  any  portion  of any town highway any
  vehicle with a gross weight of over four or more  tons  or  any  vehicle
  with  a  gross  weight  in excess of any designated weight on any wheel,
  axle, any number of axles, or per inch width of tire when in its opinion
  such highway would be materially injured by the operation  of  any  such
  vehicle  thereon.  Such exclusion shall take effect upon the erection of
  signs on the section of highway from which such vehicles  are  excluded,
  and  a  notice  that  such vehicles are excluded shall be published in a
  newspaper in the county where the highway  is  situated.  The  exclusion
  shall remain in effect until the removal of the signs as directed by the
  town  board.    Upon  written  application  by any operator of a vehicle
  subject to this section, the town board may  issue  a  permit  providing
  appropriate exemption to such vehicle, if it is deemed that said vehicle
  is  performing  essential  local  pickup  or delivery service and that a
  failure to grant such permit would create hardship.  Every  such  permit
  may  designate  the  route  to be traversed and contain other reasonable
  restrictions or conditions deemed necessary. Every such permit shall  be
  carried  on  the  vehicle  to  which  it  refers  and  shall  be open to
  inspection of any peace officer, acting pursuant to his special  duties,
  or  police  officer.  Such  permits  shall  be  for  the duration of the
  restriction imposed under this section.
    12. Prohibit, restrict or regulate the operation of  vehicles  on  any
  controlled-access highway or the use of any controlled-access highway by
  any vehicle, device moved by human power or pedestrian.
    13. Prohibit or regulate the turning of vehicles or specified types of
  vehicles at intersections or other designated locations.
    14. Regulate the crossing of any roadway by pedestrians.
    15. Authorize angle parking on any roadway.
    16.  Designate any highway or any separate roadway thereof for one-way
  traffic.
    17. Exclude trucks,  commercial  vehicles,  tractors,  tractor-trailer
  combinations,         tractor-semitrailer        combinations,        or
  tractor-trailer-semitrailer combinations from highways specified by such
  town board. Such  exclusion  shall  not  be  construed  to  prevent  the
  delivery  or  pickup of merchandise or other property along the highways
  from which such vehicles and combinations are otherwise excluded.
    18. Prohibit, restrict or limit the stopping, standing or  parking  of
  vehicles.
    19. Designate safety zones.
    21. Designate a portion of a slope as a path for the use of bicycles.
    22.  Order signs or markings to identify the portion of the highway to
  be used for bicycle travel.
    23. Designate preferential use lanes for specified types or classes of
  vehicles.
    24. Prohibit, restrict  or  regulate  the  operation  of  limited  use
  vehicles on any street or highway.
    25.  Adopt  such  additional  reasonable ordinances, orders, rules and
  regulations with respect to traffic  as  local  conditions  may  require
  subject to the limitations contained in the various laws of this state.
    26.  Make  special  provisions  with relation to stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles registered pursuant to section four  hundred  four-a
  of  this  chapter  or  those possessing a special vehicle identification
  parking permit issued  in  accordance  with  section  one  thousand  two
  hundred three-a of this chapter.
    27.  Declare  a  snow  emergency  and designate any highway or portion
  thereof as a snow emergency route.
    28. Exclude trucks,  commercial  vehicles,  tractors,  tractor-trailer
  combinations,         tractor-semitrailer        combinations,        or
  tractor-trailer-semitrailer combinations in  excess  of  any  designated
  weight,  designated  length,  designated height, or eight feet in width,
  from highways or set limits on hours of operation of  such  vehicles  on
  particular  town  highways  or segments of such highways. Such exclusion
  shall not be construed to prevent the delivery or pickup of  merchandise
  or  other  property  along  the  highways  from  which  such vehicles or
  combinations are otherwise excluded.
    (b) Each such town board shall cause to be determined, for all bridges
  and elevated structures under its jurisdiction, the capacity in tons  of
  two  thousand  pounds  which  the bridge or structure will safely carry.
  Upon bridges or structures of insufficient strength to carry safely  the
  legal  loads  permissible  by  section three hundred eighty-five of this
  chapter, the town board shall  cause  signs  to  be  erected  to  inform
  persons of the safe capacity.
    (c)  Each  such  town  board shall cause signs to be erected to inform
  persons of the legal overhead clearance for  all  bridges  and  elevated
  structures on highways under its jurisdiction. The legal clearance shall
  be  one  foot  less  than the measured clearance. The measured clearance
  shall be  the  minimum  height  to  the  bridge  or  structure  measured
  vertically  from  the  traveled  portion  of  the roadway. On bridges or
  structures having fourteen feet or more of measured clearance,  no  such
  signs shall be required.
    (d) Such a town board also may by ordinance, order, rule or regulation
  prohibit,  restrict  or  limit  the  stopping,  standing  or  parking of
  vehicles upon property owned or leased by such town.
    (e) Any town with a population of seven hundred thousand or  more  may
  by  local  law  or  ordinance,  provide  for  the removal and storage of
  vehicles parked on private property upon request of the  owner  of  such
  private  property,  where such vehicles constitute an obstruction to the
  private property owner's right  of  ingress  and  egress,  and  for  the
  payment  of reasonable charges for such removal and storage by the owner
  or operator of any such vehicle. Such local law or  ordinance  shall  be
  applicable only in the unincorporated areas of such town.
    (f) No town shall enact any local law or ordinance to prohibit the use
  of sidewalks by persons with disabilities who use either a wheelchair or
  an  electrically-driven  mobility  assistance  device  being operated or
  driven by such person.

   S 1660-a. Traffic  regulations  at  parking  areas and  driveways of
  hospitals,  shopping  centers,  office  buildings  and  office  building
  complexes,  places of public assembly, private apartment complexes, fire
  stations, private condominium complexes, mobile home parks, manufactured
  home parks, industrial parks and industrial complexes.  The town board of
  any town, with respect to the parking areas and driveways of a hospital,
  office building or office building complex or place of public  assembly,
  or  parking area of a shopping center or the parking areas and driveways
  of facilities owned or leased by a  not-for-profit  corporation  or  the
  parking  areas,  driveways  and private streets or roadways of a private
  apartment house complex,  private  condominium  complex  or  cooperative
  apartment  complex,  or  the parking areas, private streets, roadways or
  driveways of mobile home  parks  or  manufactured  home  parks,  or  the
  parking  areas  and  driveways  of a fire station, or the parking areas,
  private  streets,  roadways  or  driveways  of  an  industrial  park  or
  industrial  complex,  and  pursuant to the written request of either the
  owner or the person in general charge of the operation  and  control  of
  such  area, the fire chief of the fire department or the police chief or
  the police commissioner of the police department serving such area, may,
  by local law or ordinance:
    1. Order stop signs,  flashing  signals  or  yield  signs  erected  at
  entrance   or   exit  locations  to  any  such  area  or  designate  any
  intersection in  such  area  as  a  stop  intersection  or  as  a  yield
  intersection and order like signs or signals at one or more entrances to
  such intersection.
    2. Regulate traffic in any such area, including regulation by means of
  traffic-control signals.
    2-a.   Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of  section  sixteen  hundred
  sixty-two-a to the contrary, establish maximum speed limits in any  such
  area at not less than fifteen miles per hour.
    3.  Prohibit or regulate the turning of vehicles or specified types of
  vehicles at intersections or other  designated  locations  in  any  such
  area.
    4.  Regulate  the  crossing  of  any  roadway  in  any  such  area  by
  pedestrians.
    5. Designate any  separate  roadway  in  any  such  area  for  one-way
  traffic.
    6.  Prohibit,  regulate,  restrict  or limit the stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles in specified areas of any such area.
    7. Designate safety zones in any such area.
    8. Provide for the removal and storage of vehicles parked or abandoned
  in any such area  during  snowstorms,  floods,  fires  or  other  public
  emergencies,  or  found  unattended  in  any  such  area, (1) where they
  constitute an obstruction to traffic or (2) where stopping, standing  or
  parking  is  prohibited,  and  for the payment of reasonable charges for
  such removal and storage by the owner or operator of any such vehicle.
    9. Adopt such additional reasonable rules and regulations with respect
  to traffic and parking in any such area as local conditions may  require
  for the safety and convenience of the public or of the users of any such
  area.
    10.  Make  special  provisions  with relation to stopping, standing or
  parking of vehicles registered pursuant to section four  hundred  four-a
  of  this  chapter  or  those possessing a special vehicle identification
  parking permit issued  in  accordance  with  section  one  thousand  two
  hundred three-a of this chapter.
    In  the  case of a college or university, as defined in section two of
  the education law, the provisions of this section shall apply only  upon
  the written request of the governing body of such college or university.

  S 1662. Additional  traffic  regulations  in  towns  in  the county of
  Suffolk. In addition to the other powers granted by  this  article,  the
  town board of any town in the county of Suffolk with respect to highways
  outside  of villages in such town, subject to the limitations imposed by
  section sixteen hundred eighty-four and subject to  disapproval  by  the
  department of transportation may by ordinance, order, rule or regulation
  limit the parking time of vehicles in congested areas.

  S 1662-a.  Speed  limits  in  certain  towns.  The  town board of any
  suburban town governed pursuant to article three-A of the town  law  and
  the  town  board  of  any other town having a population exceeding fifty
  thousand, with respect to highways (which term for the purposes of  this
  section  shall  include  private  roads  open  to  public  motor vehicle
  traffic) in such towns outside any village, other  than  state  highways
  maintained  by the state on which the department of transportation shall
  have established  higher  or  lower  speed  limits  than  the  statutory
  fifty-five  miles  per  hour  speed limit as provided in section sixteen
  hundred twenty, or on which the department of transportation shall  have
  designated  that  such towns shall not establish any maximum speed limit
  as provided in section  sixteen  hundred  twenty-four,  subject  to  the
  limitations  imposed by section sixteen hundred eighty-four may by local
  law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation establish maximum speed limits
  at which vehicles may proceed within such towns, within designated areas
  of such towns or on or along designated highways within such towns lower
  than the fifty-five miles per hour  maximum  statutory  limit.  No  such
  speed  limit applicable throughout such towns or within designated areas
  of such towns shall be established at less than thirty miles  per  hour,
  except  that in the town of Hempstead speed limits may be established at
  not less than fifteen miles per hour on any portion of a highway in  the
  community  known as Point Lookout; provided, however, that no such speed
  limit in such town may be established unless a majority of the residents
  of such community file a petition with  the  town  board  of  such  town
  requesting  such speed limit. No such speed limit applicable on or along
  designated highways within such towns shall be established at less  than
  twenty-five  miles  per  hour,  except  that  school speed limits may be
  established at not less than fifteen miles per hour, for a distance  not
  to exceed one thousand three hundred twenty feet, on a highway passing a
  school  building,  entrance or exit of a school abutting on the highway,
  and except further that in the town of Hempstead  speed  limits  may  be
  established  at not less than fifteen miles per hour on any portion of a
  highway in the community known as Point Lookout; provided, however, that
  no such speed limit in such town may be established unless a majority of
  the residents of such community file a petition with the town  board  of
  such town requesting such speed limit.

    S 1662-b. Residential parking system in the town of Eastchester in the
  county  of  Westchester. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any law to
  the contrary, the town board of the town of Eastchester may, by adoption
  of a local law or ordinance, provide for a  residential  parking  permit
  system  and  fix  and  require the payment of fees applicable to parking
  within the area in which such parking system is in effect in  accordance
  with the provisions of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit system may only be established: (a)
  within the area of the town consisting of the following roadways:
    (i) Garth road;
    (ii) Grayrock road;
    (iii) Essex place;
    (iv) Buckingham place and
    (b) within the area generally bounded by the following:
    (i)  On the north side by the northerly corporate boundary between the
  town of Eastchester and the village of Scarsdale, from Scarsdale  Avenue
  east to White Plains Road Rt. 22;
    (ii)  On  the east side by White Plains Rd. Rt. 22, from the corporate
  boundary of the Village of Scarsdale south to the intersection  of  Hall
  Avenue, excluding the following streets:
    Gabriel Resigno drive;
    Swift avenue;
    Fairway drive;
    Park drive (north of Clubway);
    Hilldale place;
    Burnham road;
    (iii)  On the south side by Hall avenue west to the corporate boundary
  between the town of Eastchester and the village of Tuckahoe;
    (iv) On the south side northerly along the corporate boundary  of  the
  village  of  Tuckahoe  until  the  intersection  of  Benedict avenue and
  continuing north along the Metro-North Commuter  Railroad  tracks  until
  the corporate boundary of the village of Scarsdale, at Scarsdale avenue.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than fifteen percent of the spaces within the permit
  area  available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the town of Eastchester unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.

   S 1662-c. Residential  parking  system  in the town of Harrison.  1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,  the  town
  board  of  the  town  of  Harrison  may,  by  adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking system may only be established within  the
  area  of  the  town  of  Harrison  which  shall mean that area generally
  bounded by the following:
    All of that area beginning at the intersection of Harrison Avenue  and
  Broadway;  running  north on Harrison Avenue to Davenport Street; thence
  running east on Davenport Street to Oakland Avenue; then  running  north
  along  Oakland  Avenue  to the intersection of Macy Road; running thence
  north on Macy Road to the intersection of Macy Road and South  Road  and
  Sunnyside   Avenue;  running  thence  west  along  Sunnyside  Avenue  to
  Sunnyside Place; thence north to Emerson  Place;  thence  along  Emerson
  Place  to  Emerson  Avenue  north  to Hyatt Avenue; thence west on Hyatt
  Avenue to Harrison Avenue; thence south on Harrison  Avenue  to  Webster
  Avenue; thence west on Webster Avenue to Crotona Avenue; thence south on
  Crotona  Avenue  to  Calvert  Street;  thence  east on Calvert Street to
  Broadway; thence south on  Broadway  to  the  intersection  of  Harrison
  Avenue,  the  place  of  beginning, permit parking may be implemented on
  both sides of any street whose center  line  is  herein  utilized  as  a
  boundary description.
    Provided,  however,  that  except  for the reference to state highways
  solely for the purposes  of  delineating  the  boundaries  of  the  area
  described  in this subdivision, the provisions of this section shall not
  apply to any state highway maintained by the state.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing,  no  permit  shall  be  required  on
  streets  where  the  adjacent properties are zoned for commercial/retail
  use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set forth factors necessitating the enactment of such residential
  parking system; and
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement; and
    (c) provide the times of the day and days of  the  week  during  which
  permit requirements shall be in effect; and
    (d)  make not less than twenty percent of all spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents and shall provide short term  parking  of
  not less than ninety minutes in duration in such area; and
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the town.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.

   S 1662-d. Residential  parking  system in the town of Mamaroneck. 1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,  the  town
  board  of  the  town  of  Mamaroneck  may, by adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within the area of the town consisting of the following roadways:
    (a) Washington Square;
    (b)  North  Chatsworth  Avenue  between  Myrtle Boulevard and Edgewood
  Avenue;
    (c) New Jefferson Street;
    (d) Old Jefferson Street;
    (e) Murray Avenue between Myrtle Boulevard and Leafy Lane; and
    (f) Lester Place.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions of such streets where the adjacent  properties  are  zoned  for
  commercial/retail use.
    4.  The  local law or ordinance providing for such residential parking
  system shall:
    (a) set forth factors necessitating  the  enactment  of  such  parking
  system;
    (b)  provide  that  motor vehicles registered pursuant to section four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c)  provide the times of day and days of the week during which permit
  requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than fifteen percent of the spaces within the permit
  area available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking  of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f)  provide  that  such fees shall be credited to the general fund of
  the town of Mamaroneck unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5. No ordinance shall be adopted pursuant  to  this  section  until  a
  public  hearing  thereon has been had in the same manner as required for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.

  S 1662-e.  Residential  parking  system  in the town of Hempstead. 1.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of any law  to  the  contrary,  the  town
  board  of  the  town  of  Hempstead  may,  by adoption of a local law or
  ordinance, provide for a residential parking permit system and  fix  and
  require  the  payment  of  fees applicable to parking within the area in
  which such parking system is in effect in accordance with the provisions
  of this section.
    2. Such residential parking permit  system  may  only  be  established
  within  the  area  known  as  East  Meadow of the town consisting of the
  following roadways:
    (a) Roosevelt Avenue west of Prospect Avenue;
    (b) Jefferson Street west of Prospect Avenue;
    (c) First Street west of Prospect Avenue;
    (d) Second Street West of Prospect Avenue;
    (e) Third Street west of Prospect Avenue;
    (f) Fourth Street west of Prospect Avenue;
    (g) Clearmeadow Drive;
    (h) Nottingham Road;
    (i) Florence Court;
    (j) Jane Court;
    (k) Dofena Lane;
    (l) Franklin Avenue north of 4th Street;
    (m) Bailey Avenue;
    (n) Franklin Avenue, north  of  7th  Street  and  south  of  Hempstead
  Turnpike;
    (o) Lincoln Avenue, north of 7th Street and south of Roosevelt Avenue;
    (p) 5th Street, west of Prospect Avenue;
    (q) 6th Street, west of Prospect Avenue;
    (r) 7th Street, west of Prospect Avenue;
    (s) Pengon Circle;
    (t) Lois Court;
    (u) Erma Drive;
    (v) Ava Drive;
    (w) Dorothy Drive;
    (x) Barbara Drive;
    (y) Rose Drive;
    (z) Bly Road;
    (aa) Marion Drive; and
    (bb) Conti Square Boulevard.
    3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no permit shall be required on those
  portions  of  such  streets  where the adjacent properties are zoned for
  commercial/retail use.
    4. The local law or ordinance providing for such  residential  parking
  system shall:
    (a)  set  forth  factors  necessitating  the enactment of such parking
  system;
    (b) provide that motor vehicles registered pursuant  to  section  four
  hundred  four-a  of  this  chapter  shall  be  exempt  from  any  permit
  requirement;
    (c) provide the times of day and days of the week during which  permit
  requirements shall be in effect;
    (d) make not less than fifteen percent of the spaces within the permit
  area  available to nonresidents, and shall provide short term parking of
  not less than sixty minutes in duration in the permit area;
    (e) provide the schedule of fees to be paid for such permits; and
    (f) provide that such fees shall be credited to the  general  fund  of
  the town of Hempstead unless otherwise specified in such local law.
    5.  No  ordinance  shall  be  adopted pursuant to this section until a
  public hearing thereon has been had in the same manner as  required  for
  public hearings on a local law pursuant to the municipal home rule law.
    6. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state highway
  maintained by the state.

  S 1663. Special speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures.
  The  town board of any town may determine the maximum speed which may be
  maintained without structural damage to bridges and elevated  structures
  that  are  a part of any town highway in such town and, if, such maximum
  speed is lower than the maximum speed limit otherwise applicable, may by
  order, rule or regulation establish such lower maximum  speed  limit  at
  which vehicles may proceed on any such bridge or structure.

  S 1664. Application  of  article.  This  article  shall not apply with
  respect to state highways maintained by the state which  are  controlled
  access  highways, nor to highways under the jurisdiction of the New York
  state thruway authority, the office of parks and  recreation,  a  county
  park  commission,  a  parkway authority, a bridge authority, or a bridge
  and tunnel authority.

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