New York State Law

Consolidated Laws of New York

A comprehensive on-line digest of NY's criminal code

Laws of New York

This site contains the full online searchable text of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the Criminal Procedure Law, the Penal Law and the Vehicle and Traffic Law for the State of New York. Also the Civil Rights Law, Family Court Act, U.S. Constitution and selected articles from the Navigation Law.
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Law Terms Defined / Legal Definitions

Terms are defined as per the law listed.
CPL= Criminal Procedure Law FCA= Family Court Act
PEN= Penal Law VTL= Vehicle Traffic Law
LAW TERMS - Columns sortable. 510 terms listed.
TERM LAW ARTICLE
Youthful offender finding CPL 720.10 (sub 4)
Youthful offender adjudication CPL 720.10 (sub 6)
Youth offender sentence CPL 720.10 (sub 5)
Youth CPL 720.10 (sub 1)
Written instrument PEN 170.00 (sub 1)
Without authorization PEN 156.00 (sub 8)
Wheelchair VTL 1 (130-a)
Warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 28)
Voucher PEN 225.00 (sub 29)
Voluntary act PEN 15.00 (sub 2)
Violent felony offense PEN 70.02
Violation PEN 10.00 (sub 3)
Video surveillance warrant CPL 700.05 (sub 10)
Video surveillance CPL 700.05 (sub 9)
Video lottery gaming PEN 225.00 (sub 28)
Verdict CPL 1.20 (sub 12)
Vector PEN 490.05 (sub 8)
Utter PEN 190.77 (sub 4)
Unsecured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 19)
Unlawful gaming property PEN 225.00 (sub 27)
Unlawful PEN 225.00 (sub 12)
Unfair gaming equipment PEN 225.00 (sub 26)
Trial jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 24)
Trial CPL 1.20 (sub 11)
Trap and trace device CPL 705.00 (sub 2)
Transaction PEN 470.00 (sub 3)
Toxin PEN 490.05 (sub 6)
Toxic chemical PEN 490.05 (sub 13)
To act PEN 15.00 (sub 5)
Testimony PEN 210.00 (sub 3)
Switchblade knife PEN 265.00 (sub 4)
Swear falsely PEN 210.00 (sub 5)
Swear PEN 210.00 (sub 2)
Surety bond CPL 500.10 (sub 15)
Surety CPL 500.10 (sub 12)
Superior court warrant of arrest CPL 1.20 (sub 29)
Superior court information CPL 1.20 (sub 3a)
Superior court CPL 10.10 (sub 2)
Summons CPL 1.20 (sub 27)
Substituted proceeds PEN 480.00 (sub 4)
Substance use disorder FCA 712 (j)
Submission of a count CPL 300.30 (sub 1)
Statement PEN 176.00 (sub 2)
State interstate routes VTL 1 (145-b)
State gaming agency PEN 225.00 (sub 25)
State expressway routes VTL 1 (145-a)
Stand or standing VTL 1 (145)
Sports participant PEN 180.00 (sub 2)
Sports official PEN 180.00 (sub 3)
Sports contest PEN 180.00 (sub 1)
Specified criminal conduct PEN 470.00 (sub 5)
Something of value PEN 225.00 (sub 6)
Snow emergency route VTL 1 (145-c)
Snow emergency VTL 1 (144-b)
Slot machine PEN 225.00 (sub 8)
Slope VTL 1 (144-a)
Skate board VTL 1 (140-c)
Single judge trial CPL 340.10 (sub 2)
Simplified traffic information CPL 1.20 (sub 5b)
Simplified parks information CPL 1.20 (sub 5c)
Simplified information CPL 1.20 (sub 5a)
Simplified environmental conservation information CPL 1.20 (sub 5d)
Sidewalk VTL 1 (144)
Shoulder VTL 1 (143-a)
Shotgun PEN 265.00 (sub 12)
Sexual intercourse PEN 130.00 (sub 1)
Sexual contact PEN 130.00 (sub 3)
Sexual conduct PEN 130.00 (sub 10)
Service PEN 155.00 (sub 8)
Serious physical injury PEN 10.00 (sub 10)
Serious offense PEN 265.00 (sub 17)
Sentence CPL 1.20 (sub 14)
Semitrailer VTL 1 (143)
Semiautomatic PEN 265.00 (sub 21)
Sell PEN 225.00 (sub 24)
Select chemical agent PEN 490.05 (sub 15)
Select biological agent PEN 490.05 (sub 16)
Securing order CPL 500.10 (sub 5)
Secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 17)
Secure detention facility FCA 712 (c)
Secret scientific material PEN 155.00 (sub 6)
Second violent felony offender PEN 70.04
Second felony offender PEN 70.06
School bus VTL 1 (142)
Scheme PEN 496.01
Sanitation patrol vehicle VTL 1 (141-a2)
Sani-vans VTL 1 (141-a)
Safety zone VTL 1 (141)
Roundabout VTL 1 (140-d)
Roller skate VTL 1 (140-b)
Roadway VTL 1 (140)
Right of way VTL 1 (139)
Rifle PEN 265.00 (sub 11)
Restrain PEN 135.00 (sub 1)
Residential real property PEN 187.00 (sub 3)
Residential mortgage loan PEN 187.00 (sub 2)
Residential mortgage fraud PEN 187.00 (sub 4)
Residence district VTL 1 (138)
Represented PEN 470.00 (sub 8)
Representative drawer PEN 190.77 (sub 3)
Renunciation PEN 40.10
Rental vehicle VTL 1 (137-a)
Release on own recognizance CPL 500.10 (sub 2)
Relative PEN 135.00 (sub 3)
Recklessly PEN 15.05 (sub 3)
Real property instrumentality of a crime PEN 480.00 (sub 6)
Railroad train VTL 1 (137)
Railroad sign or signal VTL 1 (136)
Railroad VTL 1 (135)
Radar detector VTL 1 (134-b)
Qualifying highway VTL 1 (134-a)
Public servant PEN 10.00 (sub 15)
Public highway VTL 1 (134)
Public benefit card PEN 155.00 (sub 7b)
Public assistance benefits PEN 158.00 (sub 1c)
Prosecutor's information CPL 1.20 (sub 6)
Prosecutor CPL 1.20 (sub 31)
Property of another PEN 145.13
Property PEN 155.00 (sub 1)
Profit from gambling activity PEN 225.00 (sub 5)
Proceeds PEN 480.00 (sub 3)
Private road VTL 1 (133)
Principal CPL 500.10 (sub 1)
Prescription medication or device PEN 178.00 (sub 1)
Prescription PEN 178.00 (sub 2)
Premises PEN 140.00 (sub 1)
Preliminary jurisdiction CPL 1.20 (sub 25)
Precursor PEN 490.05 (sub 11)
Potential testimony CPL 710.10 (sub 3)
Post bail CPL 500.10 (sub 8)
Possess PEN 10.00 (sub 8)
Policy PEN 225.00 (sub 11)
Police vehicle VTL 1 (132-a)
Police officer CPL 1.20 (sub 34)
Plea CPL 1.20(sub 10)
Player PEN 225.00 (sub 3)
Place of public assembly VTL 1 (131-a)
Pilum ballistic knife PEN 265.00 (sub 5a)
Physically helpless PEN 130.00 (sub 7)
Physical injury PEN 10.00 (sub 9)
Physical evidence PEN 215.35
Petty offense CPL 1.20 (sub 39)
Personal insurance PEN 176.00 (sub 4)
Personal identifying information PEN 190.77 (sub 1)
Personal identification number PEN 190.77 (sub 2b)
Person in need of supervision FCA 712 (a)
Person PEN 10.00 (sub 7)
Persistent violent felony offender PEN 70.08
Persistent felony offender PEN 70.10
Permanency hearing FCA 712 (h)
Pen register CPL 705.00 (sub 1)
Pedestrian VTL 1 (130)
Peace officer CPL 2.10
Pass PEN 190.77 (sub 5)
Party officer PEN 200.40
Partially secured bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 18)
Parking lot VTL 1 (129-b)
Parking area of a shopping center VTL 1 (129-a)
Park or parking VTL 1 (129)
Pari-mutuel horse race PEN 180.00 (sub 5)
Pari-mutuel betting PEN 180.00 (sub 4)
Owner PEN 155.00 (sub 5)
Overhang VTL 1 (127)
Order of recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 6)
Oral sexual conduct PEN 130.00 (sub 2a)
Omnibus VTL 1 (126)
Omission PEN 15.00 (sub 3)
Official proceeding PEN 215.35
Offense PEN 10.00 (sub 1)
Off-highway motorcycle VTL 1 (125-a)
Obtain PEN 155.00 (sub 2)
Obligor CPL 500.10 (sub 11)
Oath required by law PEN 210.00 (sub 4)
Oath PEN 210.00 (sub 1)
Non-secure detention facility FCA 712 (d)
Night PEN 140.00 (sub 4)
Motorcycle VTL 1 (123)
Motor vehicles VTL 1 (125)
Monetary instrument PEN 470.00 (sub 1)
Mobile home or manufactured home VTL 1 (122-c)
Misdemeanor complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 7)
Misdemeanor PEN 10.00 (sub 4)
Metal knuckle knife PEN 265.00 (sub 5b)
Mentally incapacitated PEN 130.00 (sub 6)
Mentally disabled PEN 130.00 (sub 5)
Mental health care provider PEN 130.00 (sub 13)
Mental disease or defect PEN 40.15
Member of armed forces PEN 190.77 (sub 2c)
Medical Marihuana PEN 179.00
Maximum performance speed VTL 1 (122-b)
Maximum gross weight VTL 1 (122-a)
Material support or resources PEN 490.05 (sub 2)
Married PEN 130.00 (sub 4)
Machine-gun PEN 265.00 (sub 1)
Low speed vehicle VTL 1 (121-f)
Lottery PEN 225.00 (sub 10)
Local criminal court accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 2)
Local criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 3)
Local authorities VTL 1 (122)
Loaded firearm PEN 265.00 (sub 15)
Livery VTL 1 (121-e)
Limited use vehicle VTL 1 (121-c)
Limited use motorcycle VTL 1 (121-b)
Limited use automobile VTL 1 (121-a)
Licensing officer PEN 265.00 (sub 10)
Lesser included offense CPL 1.20 (sub 37)
Leased vehicle VTL 1 (121-d)
Law enforcement officer PEN 470.00 (sub 9)
Law enforcement officer CPL 700.05 (sub 6)
Law enforcement agency CPL 705.00 (sub 4)
Laser detector VTL 1 (134-c)
Laser PEN 240.76 (3a)
Laned roadway VTL 1 (121)
Labor official PEN 180.10
Kung Fu star PEN 265.00 (sub 15)
Knowingly PEN 15.05 (sub 2)
Juvenile offender PEN 10.00 (sub 18)
Justifiable abortional act PEN 125.05 (sub 3)
Justice CPL 700.05 (sub 4)
Jury Trial CPL 340.10 (sub 3)
Juror PEN 10.00 (sub 16)
Jurat PEN 210.00 (sub 7)
Judicial hearing officer CPL 1.20 (sub 43)
Judgment CPL 1.20 (sub 15)
Judge CPL 1.20 (sub 23)
Intersection VTL 1 (120)
Intermediate appellate court CPL 1.20 (sub 22)
Intercepted communication CPL 700.05 (sub 3)
Intentionally PEN 15.05 (sub 1)
Insurance policy PEN 176.00 (sub 1)
Insurance company bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 16)
Insufficient funds PEN 190.77 (sub 7)
Instrumentality of a felony controlled substance offense PEN 480.00 (sub 5)
Information CPL 1.20 (sub 4)
Inflatable restraint system VTL 1 (119-b)
Indictment CPL 1.20 (sub 3)
Inconsistent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 5)
Incomplete written instrument PEN 170.00 (sub 3)
Inclusory concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 4)
In-line skate VTL 1 (140-a)
Immediate family PEN 120.40
Ignition interlock device VTL 1 (119-a)
House coach VTL 1 (119)
Highway VTL 1 (118)
Health plan PEN 177.00 (sub 1)
Health care provider PEN 130.00 (sub 12)
Hazardous operation VTL 1 (117-b)
Hazardous materials emergency vehicle VTL 1 (117-c)
Hazard vehicle VTL 1 (117-a)
Gross weight VTL 1 (117)
Gross vehicle weight rating VTL 509p (sub 2)
Gravity knife PEN 265.00 (sub 5)
Geographical area of employment CPL 1.20 (sub 34a)
Gaming regulatory authority PEN 225.00 (sub 22)
Gaming equipment or device PEN 225.00 (sub 21)
Gaming compact PEN 225.00 (sub 20)
Gambling device PEN 225.00 (sub 7)
Gambling PEN 225.00 (sub 2)
Funds PEN 190.77 (sub 6)
Fraudulent welfare act PEN 158.00 (sub 1b)
Forged instrument PEN 170.00 (sub 7)
Foreign object PEN 130.00 (sub 9)
Forcible compulsion PEN 130.00 (sub 8)
Flammable liquid VTL 1 (116)
Flagperson VTL 1 (115-b)
Fix bail CPL 500.10 (sub 3)
Firearm silencer PEN 265.00 (sub 2)
Firearm PEN 265.00 (sub 3)
Fire vehicle VTL 1 (115-a)
Financial transaction PEN 470.00 (sub 7)
Financial institution PEN 470.00 (sub 6)
Felony complaint CPL 1.20 (sub 8)
Felony PEN 10.00 (sub 5)
Falsely make PEN 170.00 (sub 4)
Falsely complete PEN 170.00 (sub 5)
Falsely alter PEN 170.00 (sub 6)
Fact-finding hearing FCA 712 (e)
FAA PEN 240.76 (3a)
Exigent circumstances CPL 700.05 (sub 7)
Evidence in chief CPL 1.20 (sub 40)
Evidence CPL 710.10 (sub 2)
Escort vehicle VTL 1 (114-c)
Entrapment PEN 40.05
Enterprise PEN 175.00 (sub 1)
Enter or remain unlawfully PEN 140.00 (sub 5)
Emergency operation VTL 1 (114-b)
Emergency ambulance service vehicle VTL 1 (115-c)
Eligible youth CPL 720.10 (sub 2)
Electronic stun gun PEN 265.00 (sub 15c)
Electronic signature PEN 190.77 (sub 2a)
Electronic dart gun PEN 265.00 (sub 15a)
Electronic access device PEN 170.00 (sub 8)
Electric personal assistive mobility device VTL 1 (114-d)
Eavesdropping warrant CPL 700.05 (sub 2)
Dwelling PEN 140.00 (sub 3)
Duress PEN 40.00
Drug trafficking felony PEN 10.00 (sub 21)
Driveway VTL 1 (114)
Driver VTL 1 (113)
Drawer PEN 190.77 (sub 2)
Diversion services FCA 712 (i)
District attorney CPL 1.20 (sub 32)
Dispositional hearing FCA 712 (f)
Dispose of PEN 265.00 (sub 6)
Disguised gun PEN 265.00 (sub 20)
Detention facility PEN 205.00 (sub 1)
Detention FCA 712 (b)
Deprive PEN 155.00 (sub 3)
Department of transportation VTL 1 (112-a)
Department VTL 1 (112)
Delivery system PEN 490.05 (sub 7)
Definition of snow tire VTL 1 (145-d)
Defense PEN 25.00 (sub 1)
Defendant CPL 710.10 (sub 1)
Deface PEN 265.00 (sub 7)
Debit card PEN 155.00 (sub 7a)
Dealer in firearms PEN 265.00 (sub 9)
Deadly weapon PEN 10.00 (sub 12)
Deadly physical force PEN 10.00 (sub 11)
Dangerous instrument PEN 10.00 (sub 13)
Dangerous contraband PEN 205.00 (sub 4)
Custody PEN 205.00 (sub 2)
Curb VTL 1 (111)
Culpable mental state PEN 15.00 (sub 6)
Crosswalk VTL 1 (110)
Criminal proceeding CPL 1.20 (sub 18)
Criminal negligence PEN 15.05 (sub 4)
Criminal diversion act PEN 178.00 (sub 3)
Criminal court CPL 10.10 (sub 1)
Criminal conduct PEN 470.00 (sub 4)
Criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 16)
Crime PEN 10.00 (sub 6)
Credit card PEN 155.00 (sub 7)
County emergency medical services vehicle VTL 1 (109-b)
County CPL 1.20 (sub 36)
Correction vehicle VTL 1 (109-a)
Conviction CPL 1.20 (sub 13)
Controlled-access highway VTL 1 (109)
Contraband PEN 205.00 (sub 3)
Contest of chance PEN 225.00 (sub 1)
Consecutive counts CPL 300.30 (sub 2)
Conducts PEN 470.00 (sub 2)
Conduct PEN 15.00 (sub 4)
Concurrent counts CPL 300.30 (sub 3)
Computer service PEN 156.00 (sub 4)
Computer program PEN 156.00 (sub 2)
Computer network PEN 156.00 (sub 6)
Computer material PEN 156.00 (sub 5)
Computer data PEN 156.00 (sub 3)
Computer PEN 156.00 (sub 1)
Complete written instrument PEN 170.00 (sub 2)
Compact PEN 225.00 (sub 20)
Community gun PEN 115.20
Commitment to the custody of the sheriff CPL 1.20 (sub 35)
Commissioner VTL 1 (108)
Commercial towing VTL 1 (107-b)
Commercial motor vehicle VTL 509p (sub 1)
Commercial motor carrier VTL 509p (sub 4)
Commercial driver VTL 509p (sub 3)
Commencement of criminal action CPL 1.20 (sub 17)
Coin operated gambling device PEN 225.00 (sub 7a)
Classes of cities VTL 1 (107)
Class III gaming PEN 225.00 (sub 19)
Class I gaming PEN 225.00 (sub 18)
Civil defense emergency vehicle VTL 1 (106-a)
Circulatory roadway VTL 1 (106)
Chuka stick PEN 265.00 (sub 14)
Child day car provider PEN 10.00 (sub 19)
Cheques PEN 225.00 (sub 17)
Chemical weapons convention PEN 490.05 (sub 17)
Chemical weapon PEN 490.05 (sub 10)
Check PEN 190.77 (sub 1)
Certificate of registration VTL 1 (105-a)
Casino gaming PEN 225.00 (sub 15)
Cash equivalent PEN 225.00 (sub 16)
Cash bail CPL 500.10 (sub 10)
Cane sword PEN 265.00 (sub 13)
Cable television service PEN 155.00 (sub 9)
Business record PEN 175.00 (sub 2)
Business district VTL 1 (105)
Bus VTL 1 (104)
Bureau VTL 1 (103)
Building PEN 140.00 (sub 2)
Bookmaking PEN 225.00 (sub 9)
Boat transporter VTL 1 (101-b)
Blood delivery vehicle VTL 1 (117-d)
Biological weapon PEN 490.05 (sub 9)
Biological agent PEN 490.05 (sub 5)
Bicycle path VTL 1 (102-b)
Bicycle lane VTL 1 (102-a)
Bicycle VTL 1 (102)
Benefit PEN 10.00 (sub 17)
Bench warrant CPL 1.20 (sub 30)
Bail bond CPL 500.10 (sub 13)
Bail CPL 500.10 (sub 9)
B-train assembly VTL 1 (101-c)
Automobile transporter VTL 1 (101-a)
Automatic knife PEN 265.00 (sub 5c)
Authorized gaming operator PEN 225.00 (sub 14)
Authorized gaming establishment PEN 225.00 (sub 13)
Authorized emergency vehicle VTL 1 (101)
Attesting officer PEN 210.00 (sub 6)
Assault weapon PEN 265.00 (sub 22)
Articulated bus VTL 1 (100-c)
Arraignment CPL 1.20 (sub 9)
Armor piercing ammunition PEN 265.00 (sub 18)
Armed felony CPL 1.20 (sub 41)
Appropriate PEN 155.00 (sub 4)
Application for recognizance or bail CPL 500.10 (sub 7)
Applicant CPL 700.05 (sub 5)
Appearance ticket CPL 1.20 (sub 26)
Appearance bond CPL 500.10 (sub 14)
Antique firearm PEN 265.00 (sub 10)
Anal sexual conduct PEN 130.00 (sub 2b)
Ambulance VTL 1 (100-b)
Agricultural equipment VTL 1 (100-d)
Aggravated sexual contact PEN 130.00 (sub 11)
Aggravated circumstances FCA 712 (g)
Affirmative defense PEN 25.00 (sub 2)
Advance gambling activity PEN 225.00 (sub 4)
Act of terrorism PEN 490.05 (sub 1)
Act PEN 15.00 (sub 1)
Accusatory instrument CPL 1.20 (sub 1)
Access highway VTL 1 (100-a)
Access device PEN 155.00 (sub 7c)
Access PEN 156.00 (sub 7)
Abortional act PEN 125.05 (sub 2)
Abduct PEN 135.00 (sub 2)

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