New York Law

Laws of New York - This site contains the full online searchable text of the New York Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, the New York Criminal Procedure Law, the New York Penal Law, and the New York Vehicle and Traffic Law. This section contains the Penal Law of New York State.

Article 260 - NY Penal Law

OFFENSES RELATING TO CHILDREN, DISABLED PERSONS
AND VULNERABLE ELDERLY PERSONS
260.00    Abandonment of a child. E FELONY
260.05    Non-support of a child in the second degree. A MISD
260.06    Non-support of a child in the first degree. E FELONY
260.10    Endangering the welfare of a child. A MISD
260.11    Endangering the welfare of a child; corroboration.
260.15    Endangering the welfare of a child; defense.
260.20    Unlawfully dealing with a child in the first degree. A MISD
260.21    Unlawfully dealing with a child in the second degree. B MISD
260.24    Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically
               disabled person in the second degree. A MISD
260.25    Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically
               disabled person in the first degree. E FELONY
260.31     Vulnerable elderly persons; definitions.
260.31*2 Misrepresentation by a child day care provider. A MISD
260.32     Endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an 
                incompetent or physically disabled person in the second degree. E FELONY
260.34     Endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an 
                incompetent or physically disabled person in the first degree. D FELONY

S 260.00 Abandonment of a child.
  1.  A person is guilty of abandonment of a child when, being a parent,
guardian or other person legally charged with the care or custody  of  a
child  less than fourteen years old, he or she deserts such child in any
place with intent to wholly abandon such child.
  2. A person is not guilty of the provisions of this section when he or
she engages in the conduct described in subdivision one of this section:
(a) with the intent that the child be  safe  from  physical  injury  and
cared  for  in  an  appropriate  manner;  (b)  the child is left with an
appropriate person, or in a suitable location and the person who  leaves
the  child  promptly  notifies  an  appropriate  person  of  the child's
location; and (c) the child is not more than thirty days old.
  Abandonment of a child is a class E felony.

S 260.05 Non-support of a child in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of non-support of a child when:
  1.  being  a parent, guardian or other person legally charged with the
care or custody of a child less than sixteen years old, he or she  fails
or  refuses without lawful excuse to provide support for such child when
he or she is able to do so, or becomes unable to  do  so,  when,  though
employable,  he  or  she  voluntarily  terminates his or her employment,
voluntarily reduces his or her earning capacity, or fails to  diligently
seek employment; or
  2.  being  a  parent, guardian or other person obligated to make child
support payments by an order of child support  entered  by  a  court  of
competent  jurisdiction  for a child less than eighteen years old, he or
she knowingly fails or refuses without lawful excuse to provide  support
for  such child when he or she is able to do so, or becomes unable to do
so, when, though employable, he or she voluntarily terminates his or her
employment, voluntarily reduces his or her earning capacity, or fails to
diligently seek employment.
  Non-support of a child in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.

S 260.06 Non-support of a child in the first degree.
  A person is guilty of non-support of a child in the first degree when:
  1.  (a)  being a parent, guardian or other person legally charged with
the care or custody of a child less than sixteen years old,  he  or  she
fails or refuses without lawful excuse to provide support for such child
when he or she is able to do so; or
  (b)  being  a parent, guardian or other person obligated to make child
support payments by an order of child support  entered  by  a  court  of
competent  jurisdiction  for a child less than eighteen years old, he or
she fails or refuses without lawful excuse to provide support  for  such
child when he or she is able to do so; and
  2. he or she has previously been convicted in the preceding five years
of  a crime defined in section 260.05 of this article or a crime defined
by the provisions of this section.
  Non-support of a child in the first degree is a class E felony.

S 260.10 Endangering the welfare of a child.
  A person is guilty of endangering the welfare of a child when:
  1.  He or she knowingly acts in a manner likely to be injurious to the
physical, mental or moral welfare of a child less than  seventeen  years
old  or  directs  or  authorizes  such  child to engage in an occupation
involving a substantial risk of danger to his or her life or health; or
  2. Being a parent, guardian or other person legally charged  with  the
care or custody of a child less than eighteen years old, he or she fails
or refuses to exercise reasonable diligence in the control of such child
to  prevent  him  or  her  from becoming an "abused child," a "neglected
child," a "juvenile delinquent" or a "person in need of supervision," as
those terms are defined in articles ten, three and seven of  the  family
court act.
  3. A person is not guilty of the provisions of this section when he or
she  engages  in  the  conduct  described  in subdivision one of section
260.00 of this article: (a) with the intent to wholly abandon the  child
by relinquishing responsibility for and right to the care and custody of
such  child;  (b)  with  the intent that the child be safe from physical
injury and cared for in an appropriate manner; (c)  the  child  is  left
with an appropriate person, or in a suitable location and the person who
leaves  the child promptly notifies an appropriate person of the child's
location; and (d) the child is not more than thirty days old.
  Endangering the welfare of a child is a class A misdemeanor.

S 260.11 Endangering the welfare of a child; corroboration.
  A person shall not be convicted of endangering the welfare of a child,
or of an attempt to commit the same, upon the testimony of a victim who
is incapable of consent because of mental defect or mental incapacity as
to conduct that constitutes an offense or an attempt to commit an
offense referred to in section 130.16, without additional evidence
sufficient pursuant to section 130.16 to sustain a conviction of an
offense referred to in section 130.16, or of an attempt to commit the
same.

S 260.15 Endangering the welfare of a child; defense.
  In any prosecution for endangering the welfare of a child, pursuant to
section 260.10 of this article, based upon an alleged failure or refusal
to  provide  proper  medical care or treatment to an ill child, it is an
affirmative defense that the defendant (a)  is  a  parent,  guardian  or
other person legally charged with the care or custody of such child; and
(b)  is  a  member or adherent of an organized church or religious group
the tenets of which prescribe prayer  as  the  principal  treatment  for
illness;  and  (c)  treated  or  caused  such ill child to be treated in
accordance with such tenets.

S 260.20 Unlawfully dealing with a child in the first degree.
   A  person  is  guilty  of unlawfully dealing with a child in the first
  degree when:
    1. He knowingly permits a child less than eighteen years old to  enter
  or  remain  in  or  upon a place, premises or establishment where sexual
  activity as defined by article one hundred thirty, two hundred thirty or
  two hundred sixty-three of this chapter or activity involving controlled
  substances as defined by article two hundred twenty of this  chapter  or
  involving marihuana as defined by article two hundred twenty-one of this
  chapter  is  maintained or conducted, and he knows or has reason to know
  that such activity is being maintained or conducted; or
    2. He gives or sells or causes to  be  given  or  sold  any  alcoholic
  beverage,  as defined by section three of the alcoholic beverage control
  law, to a person less  than  twenty-one  years  old;  except  that  this
  subdivision does not apply to the parent or guardian of such a person or
  to  a person who gives or causes to be given any such alcoholic beverage
  to a person under the age of twenty-one years, who is  a  student  in  a
  curriculum  licensed  or  registered  by the state education department,
  where the tasting or imbibing of  alcoholic  beverages  is  required  in
  courses  that  are  part  of  the  required  curriculum,  provided  such
  alcoholic beverages are given only  for  instructional  purposes  during
  classes conducted pursuant to such curriculum.
    It  is no defense to a prosecution pursuant to subdivision two of this
  section that the child acted as the agent or representative  of  another
  person or that the defendant dealt with the child as such.
    It  is an affirmative defense to a prosecution pursuant to subdivision
  two of this section that the defendant who sold, caused to  be  sold  or
  attempted  to  sell  such  alcoholic  beverage  to  a  person  less than
  twenty-one years old, had  not  been,  at  the  time  of  such  sale  or
  attempted  sale,  convicted  of  a  violation of this section or section
  260.21 of this  article  within  the  preceding  five  years,  and  such
  defendant,  subsequent  to  the commencement of the present prosecution,
  has completed an alcohol training awareness program established pursuant
  to subdivision twelve of section seventeen  of  the  alcoholic  beverage
  control law. A defendant otherwise qualifying pursuant to this paragraph
  may  request  and  shall  be  afforded  a  reasonable adjournment of the
  proceedings to enable him or  her  to  complete  such  alcohol  training
  awareness program.
  Unlawfully dealing with a child in the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.

S 260.21 Unlawfully dealing with a child in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of unlawfully dealing with a child in the second
degree when:
  1. Being an owner, lessee, manager or employee of a place where
alcoholic beverages are sold or given away, he permits a child less than
sixteen years old to enter or remain in such place unless:
  (a) The child is accompanied by his parent, guardian or an adult
authorized by a parent or guardian; or
  (b) The entertainment or activity is being conducted for the benefit
or under the auspices of a non-profit school, church or other
educational or religious institution; or
  (c) Otherwise permitted by law to do so; or
  (d) The establishment is closed to the public for a specified period
of time to conduct an activity or entertainment, during which the child
is in or remains in such establishment, and no alcoholic beverages are
sold, served, given away or consumed at such establishment during such
period. The state liquor authority shall be notified in writing by the
licensee of such establishment, of the intended closing of such
establishment, to conduct any such activity or entertainment, not less
than ten days prior to any such closing; or
  2. He marks the body of a child less than eighteen years old with
indelible ink or pigments by means of tattooing; or
  3. He sells or causes to be sold tobacco in any form to a child less
than eighteen years old.
  It is no defense to a prosecution pursuant to subdivision three of
this section that the child acted as the agent or representative of
another person or that the defendant dealt with the child as such.
  Unlawfully dealing with a child in the second degree is a class B misdemeanor.

S 260.24 Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically
               disabled person in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of endangering the welfare  of  an  incompetent  or
physically  disabled  person  in  the  second  degree  when  he  or  she
recklessly engages in conduct which is likely to  be  injurious  to  the
physical,  mental or moral welfare of a person who is unable to care for
himself or herself because of physical  disability,  mental  disease  or
defect.
  Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically disabled
person in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.

S 260.25 Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically
               disabled person in the first degree.
  A person is guilty of endangering the welfare  of  an  incompetent  or
physically disabled person in the first degree when he knowingly acts in
a manner likely to be injurious to the physical, mental or moral welfare
of  a  person  who  is  unable to care for himself or herself because of
physical disability, mental disease or defect.
  Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically disabled
person in the first degree is a class E Felony.

S 260.31 Vulnerable elderly persons; definitions.
  For the purpose of sections 260.32 and 260.34 of this article, the
following definitions shall apply:
  1. "Caregiver" means a person who (i) assumes responsibility for the
care of a vulnerable elderly person pursuant to a court order; or (ii)
receives monetary or other valuable consideration for providing care for
a vulnerable elderly person.
  2. "Sexual contact" means any touching of the sexual or other intimate
parts of a person not married to the actor for the purpose of gratifying
sexual desire of either party. It includes the touching of the actor by
the victim, as well as the touching of the victim by the actor, whether
directly or through clothing.
  3. "Vulnerable elderly person" means a person sixty years of age or
older who is suffering from a disease or infirmity associated with
advanced age and manifested by demonstrable physical, mental or
emotional dysfunction to the extent that the person is incapable of
adequately providing for his or her own health or personal care.
  4. "Incompetent or physically disabled person" means an individual who
is unable to care for himself or herself because of physical disability,
mental disease or defect.
  * NB There are 2 S260.31`s

S 260.31*2 Misrepresentation by a child day care provider.
  A person is guilty of misrepresentation by a child day care provider
when, being a child day care provider or holding himself or herself out
as such, he or she makes any willful and intentional misrepresentation,
by act or omission, to a parent or guardian of a child in the care of
such provider (or a child whose prospective placement in such care is
being considered by such parent or guardian) to any state or local
official having jurisdiction over child day care providers, or to any
police officer or peace officer as to the facts pertaining to such child
day care provider, including, but not limited to: (i) the number of
children in the facility or home where such number is in violation of
the provisions of section three hundred ninety of the social services
law, (ii) the area of the facility, home, or center used for child day
care, or (iii) the credentials or qualifications of any child day care
provider, assistant, employee, or volunteer. A misrepresentation subject
to the provisions of this section must substantially place at risk the
health or safety of a child in the care of a child day care provider.
  Misrepresentation by a child day care provider is a class A misdemeanor.
  * NB There are 2 S260.31`s

S 260.32  Endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an
             incompetent or physically disabled person in the second degree.
  A  person is guilty of endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly
person, or an incompetent or physically disabled person  in  the  second
degree  when,  being  a caregiver for a vulnerable elderly person, or an
incompetent or physically disabled person:
  1. With intent to cause physical injury to  such  person,  he  or  she
causes such injury to such person; or
  2. He or she recklessly causes physical injury to such person; or
  3.  With criminal negligence, he or she causes physical injury to such
person by means of a deadly weapon or a dangerous instrument; or
  4. He or she subjects  such  person  to  sexual  contact  without  the
latter's  consent.  Lack  of consent under this subdivision results from
forcible compulsion or incapacity to consent, as those terms are defined
in  article  one  hundred  thirty  of  this  chapter,   or   any   other
circumstances  in which the vulnerable elderly person, or an incompetent
or physically disabled person does not expressly or impliedly  acquiesce
in the caregiver's conduct. In any prosecution under this subdivision in
which   the  victim's  alleged  lack  of  consent  results  solely  from
incapacity to consent because  of  the  victim's  mental  disability  or
mental  incapacity,  the  provisions  of  section 130.16 of this chapter
shall apply. In addition, in any prosecution under this  subdivision  in
which  the  victim's  lack  of  consent  is based solely upon his or her
incapacity to consent because he or she was mentally disabled,  mentally
incapacitated  or physically helpless, it is an affirmative defense that
the defendant, at the time he or she engaged in the conduct constituting
the offense, did not know of the facts  or  conditions  responsible  for
such incapacity to consent.
   Endangering  the  welfare  of  a  vulnerable  elderly  person,  or  an
  incompetent or physically disabled person in  the  second  degree  is  a
  class E felony.

S 260.34 Endangering  the  welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an
               incompetent or physically disabled person in the first degree.
  A  person is guilty of endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly
person, or an incompetent or physically disabled  person  in  the  first
degree  when,  being  a caregiver for a vulnerable elderly person, or an
incompetent or physically disabled person:
  1. With intent to cause physical injury to  such  person,  he  or  she
causes serious physical injury to such person; or
  2. He or she recklessly causes serious physical injury to such person.
  Endangering  the  welfare  of  a  vulnerable  elderly  person,  or  an
  incompetent or physically disabled person in the first degree is a class
  D felony.

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