New York State Law

Navigation Law

Consolidated Laws of New York's NAV code

Laws of New York

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NYS Navigation Law - NAV

LIGHTS TO BE DISPLAYED

Section Description
43 Lights to be displayed.
      S 43. Lights to be displayed.  1.  Vessels  classified.  For  the
  application of this section vessels shall be  divided  into  classes  as
  follows:
    Class A. Less than sixteen feet in length.
    Class 1. Sixteen feet or over and less than twenty-six feet in length.
    Class 2. Twenty-six feet or over and less than forty feet in length.
    Class  3.  Forty  feet  or  over  and not more than sixty-five feet in
  length.
    Class 4. Over sixty-five feet in length.
    Class 5. Rowboats, canoes and kayaks.
    2. Every vessel in all weathers from sunset to sunrise shall carry and
  exhibit and, if carried, shall also exhibit from sunrise  to  sunset  in
  restricted  visibility,  and may exhibit in all other circumstances when
  it is deemed necessary, the following lights when under way, and  during
  such  times  no  other lights which may be mistaken for those prescribed
  shall be exhibited:
    (a) Every vessel of classes  A  and  one  shall  carry  the  following
  lights:
    First. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon.
    Second.  A  combined  lantern in the fore part of the vessel and lower
  than the white light aft, showing green to starboard and red to port, so
  fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to  two  points  abaft  the
  beam on their respective sides.
    (b)  Every  vessel  of classes two and three shall carry the following
  lights:
    First. A bright white light in the fore part of the vessel as near the
  stem as practicable, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an
  arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw
  the light ten points on each side of  the  vessel;  namely,  from  right
  ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side.
    Second.  A  bright  white light aft to show all around the horizon and
  higher than the white light forward.
    Third. On the starboard side a green light so constructed as  to  show
  an  unbroken  light  over  an  arc  of  the horizon of ten points of the
  compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to  two  points
  abaft  the  beam  on the starboard side. On the port side a red light so
  constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the  horizon  of
  ten  points  of  the  compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right
  ahead to two points abaft the beam on  the  port  side.  The  said  side
  lights  shall be fitted with inboard screens of sufficient height so set
  as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.
    (c) Every vessel of class four shall carry the following lights:
    First. On or in front of the foremast,  or,  if  a  vessel  without  a
  foremast,  then  in the fore part of the vessel, a bright white light so
  constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the  horizon  of
  twenty  points  of the compass, so fixed as to throw light ten points on
  each side of the vessel, namely from right ahead to two points abaft the
  beam on either side, and of  such  character  as  to  be  visible  at  a
  distance of at least five miles.
    Second.  An  additional  after  white light carried at an elevation at
  least fifteen feet above the light at the head of the vessel and to show
  all around the horizon.
    Third. On the starboard side a green light so constructed as  to  show
  an  unbroken  light  over  an  arc  of  the horizon of ten points of the
  compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to  two  points
  abaft  the  beam  on the starboard side. On the port side a red light so
  constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the  horizon  of
  ten  points  of  the  compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right
  ahead to two points abaft the beam on  the  port  side.  The  said  side
  lights  shall be fitted with inboard screens of sufficient height so set
  as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.
    (d)  Rowboats,  canoes  and  kayaks, whether under oars or sail, shall
  have ready at hand a lantern  showing  a  white  light  which  shall  be
  temporarily exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.
    (e)  Vessels  of  classes A and one when propelled by sail alone shall
  carry the combined lantern, but not the white light aft,  prescribed  by
  this section. Vessels of classes two and three, when so propelled, shall
  carry  the  colored  side  lights,  suitably screened, but not the white
  lights, prescribed by this section. Vessels  of  all  classes,  when  so
  propelled, shall carry, ready at hand, a lantern or flashlight showing a
  white  light  which  shall  be  exhibited  in  sufficient  time to avert
  collision.
    (f) When propelled by sail and machinery any vessel  shall  carry  the
  lights  required  by  this  section  for a vessel propelled by machinery
  only.
    (g) Any vessel may carry  and  exhibit  the  lights  required  by  the
  federal  regulations  for preventing collisions at sea, nineteen hundred
  forty-eight, act of October eleventh,  nineteen  hundred  fifty-one,  as
  amended, in lieu of the lights required by this section.
    (h)  A mechanically propelled vessel when towing another vessel shall,
  in addition to her side lights, carry  two  bright  white  lights  in  a
  vertical line one over the other, not less than three feet apart.
    (i)  A  vessel  under  one hundred fifty feet in length when at anchor
  shall carry forward, where it can best be seen,  but  at  a  height  not
  exceeding  twenty  feet  above  the  hull, a white light in a lantern so
  constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and unbroken light visible  all
  around the horizon at a distance of at least one mile: provided that the
  commissioner  may,  after  investigation, by rule, regulation, or order,
  designate such areas as he may deem proper as "special anchorage areas";
  such special anchorage areas may  from  time  to  time  be  changed,  or
  abolished,  if  after  investigation  the  commissioner  shall deem such
  change or abolishment in the interest of  navigation:  provided  further
  that  vessels  not more than sixty-five feet in length when at anchor in
  any such special anchorage area  shall  not  be  required  to  carry  or
  exhibit  the  white  light required by this subdivision. A vessel of one
  hundred fifty feet or upward in length, when at anchor, shall  carry  in
  the forward part of the vessel, at a height of not less than twenty feet
  and  not  exceeding forty feet above the hull, one such light, and at or
  near the stern of the vessel, and at such a height that it shall be  not
  less than fifteen feet lower than the forward light, another such light.
    (j)  Every  white  light  prescribed  by this section shall be of such
  character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles except as
  otherwise provided. Every colored light prescribed by this section shall
  be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile
  except as otherwise provided. The word "visible" in  this  section  when
  applied  to  lights,  shall  mean  visible  on  a  dark night with clear
  atmosphere.
    (k) A revolving blue  light  may  only  be  carried  or  exhibited  on
  enforcement  vessels  owned  or  operated  by the state of New York or a
  political subdivision thereof.
    (l) For the purposes of this section, the term "restricted visibility"
  shall mean any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist,
  falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms, or any other similar causes;
    3. Should the  federal  government  adopt  vessel  light  requirements
  different  from  those contained in this section, the commissioner shall
  be authorized to adopt rules  and  regulations  superseding  the  vessel
  light  requirements  of this section to achieve consistency with federal
  standards, and shall submit such proposed rules and regulations  to  the
  secretary of state in accordance with the state administrative procedure
  act within thirty days of the adoption of federal equipment requirements
  or  submit  a  statement as to why such conforming changes are not being
  proposed.
    4. A violation of any provision of this  section,  or  of  a  rule  or
  regulation  adopted pursuant to subdivision three of this section, shall
  constitute a violation punishable by a fine of not less than twenty-five
  nor more than one hundred dollars.

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